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Tanzania -- Language
The official languages of Tanzania are English and Swahili. Swahili is widely spoken throughout Tanzania; in Zanzibar, it takes a different form, and is called Kiunguja. Although Swahili is a Bantu language in origin and structure, it has borrowed and incorporated words from Arabic and English. Swahili is the language used by the media, government, literature, and business. English, since its use is for the most part restricted to post elementary education, is the language preferred by the educated elite.

The Indian community speaks a number of languages including Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu, Gujerati as well as English and Swahili.

Each of the over 129 ethnic groups has its own living language. These languages belong to four different, mutually unintelligible language families: Bantu, Nilo-Hamitic, Nilotic, and Khoisan. Over 95% of Tanzanians speak a Bantu language. However, most Tanzanians are able to speak their mother-tongue and Swahili. Some can speak several indigenous languages in addition to Swahili and English.

Kurian, George Thomas 1992. Encyclopedia of the Third World, fourth edition, Facts on File: New York, N.Y.

For further reading:
Abdulaziz, Mohamed H. 1991. East Africa (Tanzania and Kenya). In English Around the World: Sociolinguistic Perspectives edited by Jenny Cheshire. Cambridge Cambridge University Press.
Polome, Edgar. 1980. Langauge in Tanzania. New York: Oxford University Press.

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