Between the Natural and the Supernatural

[1] "What is Paa Ya Paa?" Paa-Ya-Paa Gallery, gallery brochure (Nairobi, 1965).

[2] Ibid.

[3] Elimo Njau, "Artist's Vision: Wanjau's Long Road to International Fame," 10 Target (February 26- March 10, 1979.)

[4] Ibid.

[5] Terry Hirst, "Samwel Wanjau: Kenyan Carver," African Arts 3(3):48.

[6] Ibid., 51.

[7] Wole Soyinka, ed., Poems of Black Africa (New York: Hill and Wang, 1975) 22, 23.

[8] Sidney Kasfir, "Nnaggenda: Experimental Ugandan Artist," African Arts 3(1):88.

[9] "Owiti: About Himself," by Hezbon Owiti (unpublished, n.d.).

[10] Ibid.

[11] Hezbon Owiti, "Painting Is a Creation," African Arts 2(3):18. Owiti's prints have also been published in Topic Magazine 16' Journal of the New African Literature and the Arts (Spring 1967); and Black Orpheus 20.

[12] Don Dodson, "Introducing a Contemporary African Artist: Hezbon Owiti," Journal of the New African Literature and the Arts (Spring 1967): 80.

[13] David Cook and David Rubadiri, eds., "Wild Horse of Serengeti," Poems from East Africa (London: Heinemann, 1971), 178, 179.

[14] Owiti, "Painting Is a Creation," 18.

[15] Cook and Rubadiri, Poems from East Africa, 67, 68.

[16] Lecture given at The Commonwealth Club, San Francisco, California. June 7, 1984.

[17] Panel discussion, California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, California, January 30, 1984.

[18] Julian Beinart, "Malangatana," Black Orpheus 10:25.

[19] Ulli Beier, Contemporary Art in Africa (London: Pall Mall, 1968), 66.

[20] Valente Malangatana, "Two Poems," Black Orpheus 10:28.

[21] Beier, Contemporary Art in Africa, 67.

[22] Beinart, "Malangatana," 25, 26.

[23] Betty Schneider, "Malangatana of Mozambique," African Arts 6(2):40.

[24] Michael Gibson, "Biazin: Recorder of a Vanishing Africa," The International Herald Tribune, (Paris, May 23-24, 1981).

[25] Michel Leiris, letter to Robert Seve, November 18, 1977.

[26] Ibid.

[27] Robert Seve, "General Presentation and Judgements (2), Opinions Concerning Biazin" (unpublished) unnumbered.

[28] "Text for Information of Stedelijk Museum," by Robert Seve (unpublished, n.d.), 1.

[29] Gibson, "Biazin: Recorder of a Vanishing Africa."

Extracted with permission from: Jean Kennedy. New Currents, Ancient Rivers: Contemporary African Artists in a Generation of Change. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

To order a copy of New Currents, Ancient Rivers, please contact:

The Smithsonian Institution Press
470 L'Enfant Plaza, Suite 7100
Washington, D.C. 20560

  • Disclaimer for African Studies Materials

    African Studies Main Menu