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Rwanda -- Communication and Mass Media
Telephone and Telecommunications

Before the war there were 12,600 telephone lines in Rwanda, over 90% of which were in Kigali, the capitol city. The Japanese company Nikkon agreed in April 1997 to help rehabilitate and develop Rwanda's telecommunications system.

Postal Service Rwanda has 27 post offices which handle about 16,489 pieces of mail annually. This is an 1988 estimate.

Radio, Television and Film Radio is an important medium for the dissemination of news in Rwanda. Even though Radio Rwanda is state controlled, it is sufficiently independent to broadcast allegations against ministers.

Publishing and Press The written press is largely confined to Kigali. Its operation is limited by the high cost of paper and ink as well as by the poverty of its prospective readership. In spite of these difficulties, over 15 newspapers have appeared, most of these since 1994. These include the English language paper Rwanda Time, L'Arc-en-ciel, Le Messager, a newspaper dominated by the Mouvement Democrate Republican (MDR) that has been highly critical of the RPF and the army.

Telephone system: Telephone system does not provide service to the general public but is intended for business and government use. domestic: the capital, Kigali, is connected to the centers of the prefectures by microwave radio relay; the remainder of the network depends on wire and HF radiotelephone international: international connections employ microwave radio relay to neighboring countries and satellite communications to more distant countries; satellite earth stations1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) in Kigali (includes telex and telefax service)

Telephones: 6,400 (1983 est.)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0
Radios: 630,000 (1993 est.)
Television broadcast stations: 1
Televisions: NA

Source: CIA World Fact Book 1999

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