Rogo'ota (Konsogna), Koria (Wolayetgna),
is a large evergreen tree to 30m, with an extensive dense, low and spreading
crown. It is evergreen but can be deciduous in dry areas. The bark is dark
brown, coarsely fissured longitudinally. The young leaves and the buds are red.
Flowers are orange-yellow. The fruit pods are sausage-shaped to 10cm or more.
Young fruits are greenish brown turning rusty brown at maturity. Dry fruit coat
brittle. The pulp is reddish brown and the seeds are dark red.
preparation methods and palatability
The flesh of the fruits is edible.
When the fruits are soaked in water overnight the liquid becomes a tasty
fruit juice, which is appreciated especially by children and the Muslim
population. The fruits smell like potatoes but taste bitter like a lemon
candy. Children keep the fruit in their mouth like others would do with
a chewing gum or a candy. Actually the taste is quite refreshing and pleasant
when the fruit is kept in the mouth for a while. Farmers in Konso report
that after much sucking the mouth gets numb. The fruit can also be used
as a sort of spice to be added to food. Children reported that they usually
collect and trade the fruits in school during food shortage periods. In
Kindo Koyisha, Wolayita area, people also collect and consume the fruits.
fruits have a high vitamin C content (60mg/100g).
The species is well known and indigenous
in tropical Africa. T. indica is very adaptable, drought resistant
and prefers semi-arid areas and wooded grasslands. It grows in most soils
but does best in well-drained deep alluvial soil, often riverine in very
dry areas. The tree is a lowland species growing in altitudes from 0 -
method(s) & management
by seedlings, wildlings, direct sowing. The seeds germinate easily without any
treatment. The species is light-demanding and should be planted in an open area.
Seeds geminate after 2-3 weeks and growth rate is high at the beginning.
(1) Dokatu Kebele, Konso; (2) Z/Nare
Kebele, Kindo Koyisha; (3) Faricho Kebele, Humbo
The species is multipurpose and is
also known for its medicinal value (bark, leaves, roots & fruits).
Furthermore, it can be used for firewood, charcoal production, poles, timber,
1 Parts of the following
description have been taken from Bekele-Tesemma et al., 1993: p. 426/427;
Maundu et al., 1999: p.221/222; Katende et al., 1999: p. 418/419