Enkoko (Amargna), Hanqu (Oromiffa),
A tree to 7m but often a shrubby climber
with smooth red-brown bark. Twigs are without hairs but with raised pale
dots, the breathing pores. Leaves are oval, wide or narrow to 8cm x 4cm.
The midrib and 15 or more side veins are raised below. Flowers are green-white-cream
and tiny, on a hairy stalk from the leaf axil. Fruits are many on stalks,
each rounded, 6cm across, red when ripe, tipped by the old style, one seed
preparation methods and palatability
Fruits and leaves are edible. Fruits
are consumed as a medicine against tapeworms and other intestinal parasites
in normal times. The leaves are reported to be edible and are used as food
in eastern Africa. Fruits are collected and consumed during food shortage
periods for the sake of normal food consumption and not as a curative measure
against any disease.
An under-storey tree in semi-humid
highland forest, Celtis, Podocarpus, Juniperus, Ekebergia and Aningeria
forests of moist and wet mid- and lower highland (1,700 - 2,600m).
Propagates by seedlings and wildlings.
1 Parts of the following
description have been taken from Bekele-Tesemma et al., 1993: p. 208/209