Gaba, Kurkura (Amargna)(?), Geba (Tigrigna)
is spiny shrub or tree up to 10m in height. On wet sites it is an evergreen but
it looses all it leaves during the dry season. The species is long living.
The bark is grey-brown, when cut at the edge it is reddish, matured bark
is grooved and cracking. The paired spines are ‘thump pointer’, the straight
thorns long and thin. Its branches are intertwined and yellow-white in colour
and form an impenetrable thicket. Flowers are small, 10-25 in number besides
leaves, yellow-green in colour, stalks and calyx hairy white. Fruits are yellow
and ~2cm in diameter (see picture below), when dried the colour turns reddish.
preparation methods and palatability
Fruits are edible. They are eaten
raw. Too much consumption of the fruit creates dryness in the stomach.
The fruits are marketed in Wag Hamra and Jana Mora Woredas. In the latter
place, the fruits are brought from the Tekeze River lowlands up to Mekane
Birhan, the Woreda capital of Jana Mora.
of ziziphus species contain an extremely high vitamin C portion: Oranges contain
~ 57mg/100g, whereas ziziphus species contain up to 1000mg/100g (Grosskinsky,
1999: p. 23).
The plant grows in the dry and moist
lowlands and is common in wooded grasslands, on flooded riverbanks, and
edges of cultivation. The plant prefers alluvial plains with deep soils
(0 - 1,900m).
Propagates by seedlings and cuttings.
The species coppices well.
(1) Mekane Birhan, Jana Mora Woreda
(North Gonder); (2) Siska, Zequala Woreda (Wag Hamra);
(3) Arba Zekuar, Belessa Woreda (North Gonder)
It develops an extremely deep taproot
system and can make an impenetrable thicket. The wood makes excellent firewood
and charcoal. Leaves are also given to animals as fodder.
1 Parts of the following
description have been taken from Bekele-Tesemma et al., 1993: p. 456/457