Koopta (Konsogna), Ado kurkura, Foch
(Amargna), Gammo-gadie (Wolayetgna)
Z. mucronata is a semi-deciduous shrub
or tree up to 15m of height, sometimes scrambling over other plants. The
plant has strong spines, paired with one straight and one recurved spine.
The bark is dark grey-brown and only smooth when young. The leaves are
hairless and shiny and alternate. The edge of the leave has regular rounded
teeth to a pointed tip, the base is rounded and often very unequal. Flowers
are very small, yellow-green, crowded in heads by leaves. Fruits are round
(~ 2cm) with dark red-brown skin when ripe, arranged in stalk bunches.
preparation methods and palatability
The fruits are collected and eaten
(flesh part) by children in normal times. But in severe food shortage time
adults also consume the fruits. The pulp of the fruit is very acidic and
not much liked under normal circumstances.
of ziziphus species contain an extremely high vitamin C portion: Oranges contain
~ 57mg/100g, whereas ziziphus species contain up to 1000mg/100g (Grosskinsky,
1999: p. 23).
The species grows in Acacia-Teminalia,
Acacia-Balanites and Boswellia woodlands and bushlands, on alluvial soils,
and in dry riverine forests in all regions of Ethiopia. The plant does
well in arid and dry, moist and wet mid- and lowlands (100 - 2,100m). The
tree is widespread in dry tropical Africa and is adaptable to a variety
Propagates by seeds as well as by
Dokatu Kebele, Konso
Also used for forage, construction,
firewood and for medicinal purposes. There are three species of the tree
reported to be edible in Konso. Seeds are also edible when dried.
1 Parts of the following
description have been taken from Bekele-Tesemma et al., 1993: p. 454/455