The September and October rains of this year were not as in a normal year. They started in September after planting and there was no rain in October. The maize and haricot beans are at present at flowering stage. However, the performance of maize is very poor due to lack of sufficient moisture. Most of the planting is done east of Moyale where the majority of the Geris are living.
Relief Food Distribution
Food distribution which used to be supplied by WFP in Moyale Woreda
for returnees and internal displaced people has been discontinued due to
the shortage of sufficient relief food stocks in both EECMY and RRC stores.
According to the local WFP Food Monitor the remaining relief food stock
as of 9/12/93 was as follows:
A total of 225 MT cereals, 6.75 MT oil and 13.50 MT white beans arrived
in Moyale for Kenyan refugees on 8/12/93. In general, the demand for free
food distribution in Moyale is very high. However, according to Dr. Kifle
Mariam's information given during a meeting held at Moyale on 11/12/93,
RRC has decided to stop the free food distribution and carry on distribution
activities under food for work (FFW). However, no preparatory works such
as identification of development projects suitable for FFW have been undertaken.
New Influx of Kenyan Refugee (Adjurans)
Up to July 1993, a total of 7240 persons were admitted and known as
refugees in Kedaduma, 90km east of Moyale, in Aroahole 18km east of Moyale
and in Ketema 64km east of Moyale. In early July UNHCR in collaboration
with WFP undertook food distributions to these new comers. Each received
15kg of Wheat and 1.5kg of white beans per person. The total amount of
food which was distributed as an emergency ration was 90.5 MT wheat grain
and 10.86 MT of white beans.Blankets, plastic sheeting and cooking materials
were also distributed. Additionally, on 28/10/93 another 1600 persons crossed
into Moyale from Korondile (Kenya) which is located 50 miles from the border
and settled near Ketema. MoH and MSF(F) jointly were vaccinating and treating
sick people. 2800 Ajurans arrived as of 28/10/93 and settled nearby Dokiso
40km east of Moyale.
The livestock condition in the Wereda is very satisfactory. The September rain apparently contributed a lot for an improved pasture. Good quantities of cow and camel milk is coming for sale daily to Moyale from Tuka which is located west of Moyale where the majority of Borenas are living.
a) Moyale Woreda Administration
The administrator of Moyale Woreda, Ato Ibrahim Abdi was contacted. According to his information, at the moment the problems of the Moyale woreda are lack of sufficient food and water. The food which was allocated by WFP to the refugees and internal displaced people was not coming regularly even before the discontinuation of the distribution in August 1993. A major water problem was reported in the following kebeles: In Chamuk and Melebi 20km from Moyale there is a major water problem, in Elgobe the water is not sufficient and in Ardaolla there is no water at all.
b) Ministry of Agriculture (MoA)
According to the woreda administration, the population of Moyale Woreda
is at present 185,808 persons. The three main activities the population
is involved in are: complete pastoralist, Agro-pastoralist and Semi Agro-pastoralist.
The ecological classification of the woreda is 10% mid-highland and 90% lowland. The total farming area in the woreda is 6649 hectares and the average land holding capacity is 2 hectares. The short rain planting season is from September to November and the long rain is from March to June. The major crops planted in both the seasons are maize, teff and haricot beans. The area is suitable for sorghum but it has not been practiced so far. There is a plan to give extension advice by the Woreda Ministry office regarding planting of sorghum.
c) Southern Rangeland Development Unit (SORDU)
According to the information obtained from the officials in Moyale woreda, the animal disease 'CBPP' was reported from Moyale, Mega, and Yabelo in April 1993. Accordingly, vaccination was given and the disease was controlled immediately. SORDU does not have shortage of medicine at the moment. However, in case of any further out-break there will be logistical constraints.
d) MSF France
MSF (F) has two supplementary feeding centres and one therapeutic centre
in Moyale, one supplementary feeding centre in Chilango and one in Kedaduma.
According to a survey carried out in September 1993 the malnutrition rate
was 11.5% out of which 3.4% was severe. Hence, the organization has planned
to close the feeding centrescording to the schedule, the operation was
supposed to start on the 13th of December 1993. Endale, which is located
125 km from Moyale, is determined to be the Ethiopian reception centre.
According to the Moyale Task Force, all preparations for the repatriation
are completed. The total population to be repatriated is 18,000 and all
are going to be settled finally in Wackily and Udet. The operation is expected
to be completed within one month.
II. LIBEN WOREDA - NEGELE
a) Negele Woreda Administration
The administrator, Ato Mesfin Beriso indicated that there is a shortage of food in the woreda. RRC is at present not distributing food for the returnees and internally displaced people due to shortage of sufficient stocks. People are coming daily to the administration office and are asking for assistance. The demand for food is very high in the whole woreda. The Red-Cross used to distribute food for the returnees and internally displaced people. However, this was also discontinued as of October 1993 after the Red-Cross handed over the activity to RRC.
The September and October rains did not materialize at all. Therefore, the current situation needs the attention of the concerned bodies (the Woreda Administration, RRC and NGOs).
A committee organized by the Prime Minister's Office is currently carrying
out an assessment in all 12 woredas of Borena Zone. The purpose of this
assessment is to finally decide which woredas would belong to Region 4
and which to Region 5.
b) Oromo Relief Association (ORA)
ORA is carrying on FFW activities in 17 kebeles in Liben woreda. The association is involved in the following construction activities.
c) Save The Children Federation (USA)
Save the Children Federation is implementing four different activities in Liben woreda. These are:
(i) Animal Health - Under this sector veterinarian scouts selected from
the local farming community are trained. Medicine and veterinary equipment
are also provided under the basis of a revolving drug fund.
(ii) Human Health - Community health agents are trained mainly as traditional birth attendants.
(iii) Agriculture - improved seed and hand tools are provided for returnees. Additionally, a horticultural site is opened along the Genale river.
(iv) Water Development Construction - A hand pump has been installed 22 km north of Negele at a place called Bitata. In Harekelo, 32 km north of Negele, an animal dipping bath is under construction.
III. DOLLO ODO
The Dollo Odo Woreda Administration is organised by Region 5 and started
working as of October 1993. Hence, the direct contact of Ugases (traditional
leaders) and zone leaders with the UN field office and MSF (H) has been
discontinued. According to the Deputy Administrator, Ato Ahmed Roba, their
contact with region 5 is very weak due to communication problems. He said
that the planting for the September and October rains was done along the
Genale and Dawa river in August, but due to unexpected heavy rain, the
Maize and Sorghum plants were washed out completely by the river flood.
It was therefore replanted again in October but the same thing happened.
The demand for food is very high in Dollo and its surroundings. The price
for commercial food is increasing from day to day. Maize is coming from
Negele once a week for sale at the Dollo market for birr 180/quintal. The
price of wheat has increased from birr 40 to birr 160/quintal.
Relief Food Supply
The food supply from WFP was discontinued after the last distribution in August 1993. All RRC stores are empty expect 100 bags of CSB in the MSF (H) store which is kept foremergency cases and Therapeutic feeding. Ittihad (Islamic Fundamentalist) started distributing boiled white beans for the refugees at Dollo Gedo along the other side of the river Somalia. One tin of boiled white beans is the ration for one person/day.
According to Dollo MSF (H), the health and nutritional situation is
satisfactory in Dollo and its surroundings. The malnutrition rate in Bare
which was 8.4% during the closing down of the feeding centre in August
1993 has now increased. According to a recent survey made by MSF (H) the
malnutrition rate in Bare at present is 18.9% out of which 6.1% are severely
malnourished. From the severely malnourished population 66% is reported
to be suffering from Kwashikor. Hence, MSF is planning to send 18 bags
of CSB, 3 bags of sugar and 1 drum of oil to Bare MOH clinic for one month
therapeutic feeding. In addition to this, MSF has been supplying vaccination
drugs to Dollo, Suftu, Bare and Woldia.
50 MT of seed was distributed by Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) in November
1993 for Dollo, Sede and Woldia. About 14 MT of this was purchased from
the local market. According to the information obtained from MSF (H), the
church also has a plan to distribute seed for the next planting season
and to start a restocking programme in the woreda in 1994.
The livestock condition in Dollo Odo Woreda is satisfactory. The pasture
improved following satisfactory rains in September and October. There is
plenty of milk available in the market for a low price. Animal diseases
like black leg and anthrax were reported. Accordingly a request has been
sent to the regional veterinary office in Gode for the necessary drug supply
Repatriation Programme for Somali Refugees
A total population of 2139 Somali refugees were repatriated voluntarily
from Dollo to Luuq (Somalia) in October 1993. Additionally over 4000 refugees
requested voluntary repatriation to Luuq. The list of the refugees has
been sent to the Mandera, Kenya repatriation field office of UNHCR. Due
to food shortages, the Mandera field office suspended the cross-border
relief programme for a while.
New Arrival of Refugees
A total population of 52 Yemeni refugees crossed to the Ethiopian side
and arrived in Dollo Odo on 10 December 1993. The refugees came from Afgoye,
20km West of Mogadishu. They requested transport to go to Addis to contact
the Yemen Embassy. A group of 230 Ethiopian Somali refugees who were in
Kenya, have been expelled by the Kenyan Government from Wajir district
80km south of Mandera. Sixty of them arrived in Dollo Odo and the rest
scattered in Suftu and Sede.
IV. GINNER WOREDA
The September and October rains materialized in Ginner only for one
week after the planting was done in October. The major crops in the highland
of Ginner are barley, wheat and oil seeds and in the lowlands, mainly sorghum
followe$ by eaize. According to Ginner Woreda Ministry of Agriculture,
September and October is traditionally the major planting season. Crop
prospects in both ecological zones are presently very poor. Maize and sorghum
in the lowland has failed completely. In the highland, an average yield
will be expected in a few pocket areas. In view of the insufficient September
and October rain, the market price for commercial food has increased. According
to market a quick assessment, the price for a quintal of wheat increased
from birr 80 to 160, teff from birr 80 to birr 150, maize from birr 50
to birr 100 and barley from birr 40 to birr 85.
The livestock condition is marginal at the moment due to very poor pasture. Animal diseases, black leg and anthrax were reported but medicine was not available in the Woreda. Hence, a request has been sent to the zonal veterinary department in Robbe. According to a market assessment the price of an oxen has dropped from birr 900 to birr 600 and of a goat from birr 80 to birr 50.
Relief Food Supply
The deliveries of relief food from WFP was discontinued as of August 1993. Small amount of food is coming from RRC Robbe for returnees. However, the supply is not on a regular basis.
Common diseases in the area are pneumonia and relapsing fever. However,
at present, the health situation in the whole of the Woreda is stable.
According to a Ginner Ministry of Health Official, one suspected cholera
case was reported in early November 1993. Direct microscopic examination
was made after taking a sample and the bacterial shape was suspected to
be cholera. The man who was affected by the disease was a mobile merchant.
No security problem was reported in all the woreda visited.
No internal displacement of people was observed or reported in the woredas
The designations employed
and the presentation of material in this document do not imply the expression
of any opinion whatsoever of the UN concerning the legal status of any
country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the
delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
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