CIVIL DISTURBANCE
                         27 October 1994
         Information for this report is provided by the
              UN Rwanda Emergency Office in Kigali
This sitrep is produced three times every week. The information is compiled from inputs by organizations working in Rwanda including UNICEF, UNDP, WFP, UNHCR, WHO, FAO, IOM, UNAMIR, USAID-DART, US-JTF and NGOs.

There are continuing incidents of violence in the Gikongoro area.

The Ministry of Rehabilitation is identifying land for the settlement of returnees from the "Old Caseload".

There is no government policy to forcibly move Internally Displaced Persons from the IDP camps.

The security situation is on the whole calm. UNAMIR, however, reports continuing incidents of violence around camps in Gikongoro Prefecture. To this effect, 3 people who sustained machete and gunshot wounds were treated at Kitabi by the BritCon Field Ambulance Team. UNAMIR further received reports that people suspected to be interahamwe raided a village at Kadabo near Gikongoro on the night of October 23/24 killing an infant and injuring one old woman. The injured woman was admitted to hospital.

The Special Representative to the Secretary-General in a press briefing on Wednesday, 26 October emphasized that there was no government policy to forcibly move Internally Displaced Persons from IDP camps. The latest consolidated list of IDPs produced by BritCon on 14 October estimates that there are 1.8 million IDPs.

According to UNHCR, the Ministry of Rehabilitation has identified land in Bugesera and north-east Rwanda for returnees. In Gisenyi, the local authorities are working closely with UNHCR to identify land for the settlement of the "Old Caseload". These were refugees who sought asylum in neighbouring countries before April 1994 and mainly in 1959. Public land earmarked so far will accommodate approximately 40,000 people. In Kigali, a transit facility has been identified and is undergoing repairs. It should be ready in two weeks time.

UNHCR has completed the registration of Burundi refugees who have opted for voluntary repatriation. Final arrangements for their voluntary repatriation is being made in close coordination with UNHCR, Bujumbura.

In Goma, WHO, in collaboration with the Japanese Medical Contingent, the Zairean Regional Health Authorities and NGOs, is undertaking a mosquito control campaign in Goma and in the surrounding refugee camps. The main cause of morbidity in the Goma camps, however, is diarrhoeal disease. The global mortality rate during the period 10-18 October was reported to be 1.3/10,000/day. UNAMIR reports the following returnee movements through various border crossings for 23 and 24 October:

              From Tanzania          226
              From Zaire           1,668
              From Uganda             30
              TOTAL                1,924
                          17-23 OCTOBER      CUMULATIVE TOTALS AS
                                              FROM 12 AUGUST 1994
Butare/Cyangugu - Kigali          2,224                     9,919
Gikongoro - Kigali                    0                     1,483
Gisenyi - Ruhengeri               6,586                    37,734
Gisenyi - Kigali                      0                     6,501
Ruhengeri - Kigali                  881                     6,923
Kibuya - Kigali                     234                       861
Kibungo - Kigali                    320                     1,152
Within Kigali                     1,073                     7,659
Kigali - Other destinations       4,162                     9,461
TOTAL                            15,480                    81,693
SECTOR              17-23 OCTOBER            CUMULATIVE TOTALS AS
                                           FROM 12 AUGUST TO DATE
Bugesera - Kigali             794                           4,473
Byumba - Kigali                 0                           2,082
Gikongoro - Kigali          2,228                           2,228
Butare - Kigali                 0                           1,352
Within Kigali                   0                           2,761
Other movements             6,727                           7,045
TOTAL                       9,749                          19,901
17 TO 23 OCTOBER 1994:                                     25,229
FROM 12 AUGUST TO 23 OCTOBER:                             101,594
IOM/UNHCR trucks were used to transport 25 MTs of bean seed and 20 MTs of maize seed to various destinations during the period 17-23 October.



A WHO mission assessed the spread of malaria in Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps in Gikongoro, Mutara, and Bugesera as well as malaria endemic areas. Malaria was confirmed to be the primary cause of morbidity in all these areas. As a follow-up to the mission, WHO will support the Ministry of Health in strengthening diagnostic capacity and in training health personnel. This programme will also assess malaria drug resistance.

WHO, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health confirmed an outbreak of blood diarrhoea in Byumba region. The major constraints for effective disease control activities were identified as the lack of Nalidixic acid and health personnel. WHO donated an initial supply of Nalidixic acid to the affected areas.


UNICEF has submitted draft proposals for water and sanitation activities in north-east Rwanda for a USD 3.5 million grant from African Development Bank (ADB); a USD 500,000 grant from the Japanese Government for water and sanitation activities for refugee camps outside Rwanda; and a USD 200,000 grant from the French Government for water and sanitation activities.

In addition, UNICEF is preparing to receive a team of water analysts from Korea to improve water laboratory test facilities at Kimisagara, Kigali Prefecture, and water treatment plants at the prefecture levels.

In southeast Rwanda, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) has assumed the responsibility for repairing the existing pipeline network of the Kibungo urban water supply system with the support of UNICEF. There is an urgent need for a 60 KVA generator in order to run the distribution system in Kibungo.

In the north-east, the rehabilitation of the existing pipeline for the gravity flow system at Nyagatare is in progress. UNICEF has released the materials to Austrian Relief Programme (ARP) to implement the project. In addition, UNICEF released USD 12,500 for the purchase of fittings for pipes. The demining of anti-personnel mines along the pipeline is in progress.

In the south-west section of the country, BritCon, UNICEF and Electrogaz are working together to repair the switchboard, pumps and the generator to start up the Butare water treatment plant which is expected to be operational within two weeks. A new pump is being provided by GTZ for this plant.

In the IDP camps in the south, Potable Water Supply Systems (PWSS) has decreased their daily production of treated water from 300,000 litres for the Kibeho camp because of dirty water at the intake due to heavy rainfall. In addition, UNICEF is collaborating with MSF, AICF, Trocaire, ICRC, Solidarite and Oxfam to supply water in 28 camps in south-west Rwanda, as well as to assist with latrine construction and hygiene education. 11 water tankers are still distributing water all over the country to unaccompanied children's centres and to hospitals.


UNHCR has signed a three-month project worth USD 200,000 with Save the Children-UK. The project will run for three months. According to a recent survey by UNICEF, there are approximately 100,000 unaccompanied minors in Rwanda with an additional 100,000 in refugee camps in neighbouring countries. There are 47 centres currently registered with UNICEF.


76 inspectors and directors of school centres received training on Mine Awareness at a training session in Byumba on 17 October. 48 of them were from Kibali, south of Byumba and 28 from Gituza, South east of Byumba. Due to logistical problems, the main consignment of Mine Awareness Campaign (MAC) kits has not yet arrived. As a result it was decided, that the small quantity of available kits would be distributed for training purposes to communes along the border. It is believed that there are more mines there than in other parts of the Byumba prefecture. Two members of the education team accompanied the team of Ethiopian demining experts on an assessment visit to schools in Byumba, Ruhengeri and Gisenyi.

Statistics collected on the number of teachers and their qualifications, pupils by grade, school centres, and head teachers in the prefectures of Byumba, Gitarama, Ruhengeri and Kigali are currently being processed.


A Custom Officer at Gatuna started to attend to relief Cargo as of 18 October. The Transport Coordination Unit travelled to Rusumo with the Controller of Customs on 22 October to install a Customs Officer to clear all relief traffic. WFP is assisting the Customs Department with housing/office repairs at Gatuna and Rusumo to ensure effective implementation of new procedures.

A limited number of copies of the Draft Document on working procedures for local and international NGOs working in Rwanda produced by the Ministry of Rehabilitation and Social Integration is now available at the NGO Unit at UNREO.

Air Rwanda is now managing all arriving and departing aircraft and has taken charge of loading and off-loading of all cargo planes. Airport charges which have been issued recently by the Rwanda Airport Authorities are being discussed.

DHA Contacts: Deborah Saidy and Michael Gaouette
Direct Telephone: 788.7020 / 788.7019
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY ONLY - Telephone: (41 22) 917.2010
Press to contact: Ms Mounira Skandrani
Ms Skandrani Direct Telephone: (41 22) 917.3114
Telex: 414242 DHA CH
Fax: (41 22) 917 0023
Electronic Mail: DIALCOM 141 : DHAGVA

Message-Id: <>
Date: Thu, 3 Nov 1994 00:25:59 -0800
From: "Arthur R. McGee" 

Editor: Ali B. Ali-Dinar

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