DHA-Geneva Sitrep NO. 55

                        CIVIL DISTURBANCE
                         25 October 1994
         Information for this report is provided by the
              UN Rwanda Emergency Office in Kigali
This sitrep is produced three times every week. The information is compiled from inputs by organizations working in Rwanda including UNICEF, UNDP, WFP, UNHCR, WHO, FAO, IOM, UNAMIR, USAID-DART, US-JTF and NGOs.


Ten people were killed and two are wounded in Gasasa, Gikongoro Prefecture. There is a 5-day workshop organised by NGOs entitled "Reconstructing Rwanda" taking place at the Hotel Milles Collines. The RPA will continue house searches.


UNAMIR reports that the harassment of BritCon soldiers in Sector 5, Ruhengeri and Gisenyi Prefectures has been on the rise. One BritCon soldier's life was threatened by an RPA soldier on Saturday, 22 October as they travelled to Gisenyi from Ruhengeri.

UNAMIR reports that murder, banditry and grenade explosions in Sector 3, Gitarama and Butare Prefectures, are on the increase in some parts of the sector.

At the general meeting for UN Agencies/NGOs held on Friday, 21 October 1994 the Government Liaison Officer, Lt. Cameron briefed the meeting on two security issues. First, he reported that the government would not issue a letter to soldiers manning road blocks providing guidelines on how to conduct searches, as earlier requested. He indicated, however, that any complaints with regard to the searches can be forwarded to him. He also added that house searches conducted by the RPA will continue. They should not however, be made in the absence of the house occupants.


The first coordination meeting for IDPs was held at UNREO on 21 October 1994. The meeting was attended by all heads of UN Agencies as well as USAID and UNAMIR. The main focus of the meeting was to develop a common strategy with UN Agencies and NGOs. NGOs will be included in future meetings on how to approach the IDP issue in Rwanda. The next IDP meeting will be held on 27 October 1994.

592 internally displaced people (IDPs) were transported from Kaduha camp to Kigali under "Operation Homeward" on Friday, 21 October.

On October 22, UNAMIR troops in Cyangugu Prefecture escorted a UNHCR convoy of 181 refugees proceeding to Butare from Cyangugu up to Kitabi. 140 refugees from Bugarama arrived at Nyagatare transit camp on 21 October 1994.

>From Monday, 24 October UNHCR/IOM will transport IDPs from the Gikongoro area to other parts of Rwanda, particularly the Bugesera area in the south. Combined capacity will be for 1,000 persons/day for as long as is needed. The movement is in response to the Government's expressed wish to see the population of the Gikongoro camps seriously reduced.

  October 21:   492 people moved into Rwanda through Sector 4C
                (Cyangugu Prefecture)
  October 21:   345 people moved into Rwanda through Sector 5
                (Ruhengeri & Gitarama Prefectures)
  October 22:   46 people moved into Rwanda through Sector 4C
                (Cyangugu Prefecture)
  October 22:   691 moved into Rwanda through Sector 5
                (Ruhengeri & Gitarama Prefectures)
UNHCR began registration of Burundian refugees in Mugunga camp, on Monday 17 October, in preparation for the movement of these refugees to Uvira, closer to Burundi.

The UNHCR refugee statistics for Rwandese refugees as of 19 October, 1994 are as follows (these are the working figures, where refugee registration has not taken place):

            COUNTRY OF ASYLUM                  TOTAL
            Burundi                          270,000
            Tanzania                         546,000
            Uganda                            10,000
            Zaire       (Bukavu)             293,000
                        (Uvira)               64,300
            Zaire       (Goma)               850,000
            TOTAL                          2,033,300
In its Information Bulletin of 19 October, UNHCR reports the refugee caseload in Burundi since April 1994 is 200,000. In Tanzania the influx of Rwandese refugees (mostly coming through Burundi) has reduced. The bulletin also says that Rwandese refugees in Uganda are moving to Tanzania in increasing numbers and that according to UNHCR 293,000 refugees in Bukavu are receiving UNHCR/WFP assistance.


The UNDP Resident Representative, Mr. Ahmed Rhazaoui met with Mr. Pronk, the Minister of Development Cooperation of the Netherlands, to discuss the prospects of rehabilitation aid to Rwanda. They also discussed the forthcoming Round Table Conference for which Minister Pronk expressed strong support.

The UNDP Resident Representative Mr. Ahmed Rhazaoui convened a meeting in Nairobi on 22 October 1994 with the representatives of the donor community. The purpose of the meeting was to explain the nature and scope of the Round Table Conference and to invite the donors to participate in the preparatory process. Mr. Rhazaoui reports that the donors response was very positive thus increasing the chances for a successful Round Table Conference scheduled for 15-16 December 1994.

The SRSG, Ambassador Khan, met with Mrs. Lizin, Deputy Parliamentarian of the Belgian government on 21 October 1994 to discuss modalities for providing assistance to Rwanda. He also met with Mr. Pronk, the Minister for Development and Cooperation of the Netherlands to discuss funding for the Rwanda Emergency Normalization Plan. (RENP).

The Ministry of Rehabilitation and Social Integration has released its first draft document on working procedures for Local and International Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) to the four NGOs that comprise the ad-hoc committee established to address these issues (MSF, SCF-UK, CWA-LWF and OXAM-Quebec). The draft document will be discussed at a meeting by the ad-hoc committee on Tuesday 25 October 1994.


On 20 October, African Humanitarian Action (AHA) in conjunction with UNIFEM (United Nations Development Fund for Women) and AFWIC (African Women in Crisis Umbrella Programme) started its psycho-trauma management programme in their clinic in Tare Kigali Prefecture. Since then AHA's has recruited a Rwandese psychiatrist who is on a three-week assessment mission and has treated two dozen patients. He has identified, and is in the process of training health workers and community leaders in identifying and working with specific symptoms relating to psycho-social trauma. From 24 October, AHA will begin the expansion of its psycho-trauma management programme to Kabarondo (Kibungo Prefecture). AHA's emphasis, in addition to its regular medical service which treats between 180-200 patients a day in both clinics, is on women's health and the development of grass-roots social counsellors. AHA is receiving UNHCR support for its projects.

AFRICARE reports the posting of its second African-American medical team from Howard University in Washington, D.C. and the opening of its third health centre in Kigali Rurale Prefecture. The new team consists of three nurses and nurse-trainers.


Since September 1994, FAO, UN Agencies and NGOs have distributed 560 MTs of bean seed, 1,100 MTs of maize seed and 330,000 hoes to 560,000 households, totalling 2,800,000 people.

UNICEF has proposed that an agriculture sector evaluation be conducted in order to be able to assess the next harvest. FAO and WFP have planned this exercise in their programmes. At a coordination meeting it was agreed that a mission be organized to assess the impact of the incoming agricultural products (seeds and tools). The composition of the mission and the dates of the visits will be announced at a later date. FAO and the Ministry of Agriculture will be in charge of this operation.

The GTZ (German Technical Corporation) had 30 MTs of bean seed stolen from their stocks in Burundi. The sacks of bean seed were marked. The GTZ is asking potential buyers of bean seed to alert the organization should they find any of the stock.


The United Nations community in Kigali will dedicate the UN Day (24 October) to the memory of the UN personnel killed during the war of April-July 1994. At least 64 staff members were killed, in addition to members of their families. A commemorative mass will be held for the occasion and the eulogy will be delivered by the UNDP Resident Representative, Mr. Ahmed Rhazaoui on behalf of the UN family.

The Special Representative to the Secretary General, Ambassador Khan will deliver the Secretary General's UN Day speech commemorating the 49th anniversary of the UN at UNAMIR headquarters at 4 p.m., 24 October 1994.

CLADHO, Le Collectif des Ligues et Association de Defense des Droits de l'Homme au Rwanda in collaboration with the France-based Fondation Pour le Progres de l'Homme is holding a five-day workshop whose theme is "Reconstructing Rwanda". The Workshop was opened on Saturday, 22 October 1994 by the Prime Minister, Faustin Twagiramungu. The 5-day workshop will draw 100 participants from local NGOs and Government Officials.


DHA Contacts: Deborah Saidy and Michael Gaouette
Direct Telephone: 788.7020 / 788.7019
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY ONLY - Telephone: (41 22) 917.2010
Press to contact: Ms Mounira Skandrani
Ms Skandrani Direct Telephone: (41 22) 917.3114
Telex: 414242 DHA CH
Fax: (41 22) 917 0023
Electronic Mail: DIALCOM 141 : DHAGVA

Message-Id: <199410260100.VAA13880@ipe.cc.vt.edu>
Date:  Tue, 25 Oct 1994 17:57:08 -0700
From: "Arthur R. McGee"