Subject: Africa: ECA Governance Forum, 7/20/97

Subject: Africa: ECA Governance Forum, 7/20/97

Africa: UNECA Governance Forum

Date distributed (ymd): 970720

Document reposted by APIC

This posting contains two documents related to the First Annual African Governance Forum. For more information on the Governance Forum, the UN Special Initiative on Africa, or any other aspects of work at UNECA, contact:

Peter K. A. da Costa

Cabinet Office of the Executive Secretary

UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

Tel: +251-1 51 58 26 (direct)

or +251-1-51 72 00 Ext 35486

Fax: +251-1 51 22 33







Addis Ababa, 11 July 1997 -- There is no single issue of greater importance to the economic and political future of Africa than good governance, and it must command the "full and lasting attention" of Africans, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan declared here today.

In a videotaped statement delivered to the First African Governance Forum which began this morning at the Economic Commission for Africa headquarters, Mr. Annan told delegates from 14 African countries, UN agencies, donor and NGO representatives that good governance was a key condition for sustainable development.

"[Good governance]", Mr. Annan said, "promotes the most salient features of a free and prosperous society: social justice, transparency, accountability in the management of public affairs".

Mr. Annan said he believed Africa was entering a "new wave of progress", based on peace, democracy, human rights, and sustainable development. These four pillars, he added, formed the "pillars of good governance".

In his opening remarks, the forum's host, UN Under Secretary-General and ECA Executive Secretary, K.Y. Amoako, told delegates the meeting sought to "establish a dialogue on governance issues among Africans and their partners in the international community, to facilitate sharing of experiences, and to foster consensus around best practices of governance".

Stressing that Africa's post-Cold War economic crisis was the result of "an insufficiency of peace, security and policy stability", Mr. Amoako argued that, with the current phenomenon of democratization, Africa must concentrate on capacity building.

"Only in this way can we assure that the process of economic reforms and political liberalization remains irreversible", the ECA head asserted.

ECA and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are co-sponsoring the Forum as part of the UN System-Wide Special Initiative on Africa (UNSIA) -- a 10-year plan launched by the UN in March 1996 to co-ordinate, leverage and consolidate the work of UN agencies, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, in Africa.

The UNSIA is focused on United Nations System collaboration at country level in key development areas, including Education, Health, Water, Governance, Harnessing Information Technology for Development, and Promoting Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood.

Mr. Amoako and UNDP Administrator James Gustave Speth -- who is also in attendance here -- are co-chairs of the UNSIA Administrative Co-ordinating Committee.

Salim Ahmed Salim, Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), told the Forum that there were "no ready-made recipes for democracy and governance" and as such "each society should generate its home-grown modalities for forging ahead in democracy".

"...While the fundamental principles of democracy and good governance are universal," Mr. Salim added, "their application varies from country to country". African countries were, therefore, "entitled to determine the application of democratic government on the basis of the socio-cultural values, taking into account their specific realities".

Mr. Salim listed four specific factors in good governance in Africa: the strengthening of the quality of leadership in Africa; sound management of economies; a strong judicial system; and independent and responsible media.

Norway, one of 18 donor countries invited to participate in the Forum, stressed the importance of education -- alongside participation, rule of law and transparency -- in the building of good governance.

"Investment in social capital represents a way out of poverty", said Kari Nordheim-Larsen, Norway's Minister of Development Co-operation, in a statement read on her behalf by Norway's Ambassador to Ethiopia, Sven A. Holmsen.

Ms. Nordheim-Larsen told the forum that governance was central to Norwegian aid policy. Norway, she reported, had established a trust fund in Africa on governance with UNDP in December 1995, and was encouraged to see that governance was an important component of the UNSIA.

Referring to the country reports prepared for the forum, Ms. Larsen added: "We are even more encouraged by the documentation before us, which clearly shows that progress is being made at the country level, and that the approach to the issue of governance is discussed and tailored to the country specific situation. I foresee... a continued strong Norwegian support for the issue of governance in Africa in the coming years."

Turning to the issue of the UN reforms, Ms. Nordheim-Larsen said the principle of good governance was also important for international organizations.

Encouraging the UN Secretary-general to present "broad and comprehensive" reforms in his second track of proposals due 16 July, Ms. Nordheim-Larsen concluded: "In order for the UN system to have a greater impact at country level, we need a system which works in a much more integrated way than at present. I encourage and expect all UN agencies to participate in good faith in the reform process. Turf battles among different agencies can no longer be permitted."

Also making statements at the opening ceremony were Dawit Yohannes, Speaker of Ethiopia's House of Representatives, and Anathassios Theodorakis, Deputy Director-General of the European Commission.

Some 14 African countries are participating in the two-day forum, with Prime Minister Kwassi Klutse heading the Togolese delegation. The full list of participants is: Botswana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Senegal, Uganda, Mozambique and Swaziland. Nigeria is participating as an observer.

Participating African countries will articulate their positions on the following themes:

* Decentralization;

* Constitutional and Judicial Reform and Human Rights;

* Electoral and Parliamentary Reforms;

* Socio-economic Management and Public Administration; and

* Empowerment and Participation.

Three NGO umbrellas -- MWENGO, Forum of Women in Development, and FAVDO -- have also been invited to participate, following an NGOs Consultation that took place in Addis Ababa last May as part of the Africa Governance Forum process.

In addition to ECA and UNDP, several other UN system organizations and agencies are represented at the forum: ILO, IMF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN Centre for Human Rights, UN/DPA, UN/DDSMS, UNOPS, UNAVEM III, and the World Bank.

Observers include the Inter-Parliamentary Union, European Centre for Development Policy Management, Institute of Social Studies, African Institute for Economic and Social Studies, Institution of African Democracy, Friedrich Ebert Foundation, Japan International Cooperation Agency, International Peace Academy, and the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, among others.

Representatives from the European Union, the Commonwealth Secretariat and the Secretariat of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Assistance Committee are also present.




Addis Ababa, 12 July 1997 -- The first annual African Governance Forum was hosted by ECA and UNDP on 11-12 July 1997. The Forum was convened in the context of the UN System-Wide Special Initiative on Africa, under which UNDP and ECA share responsibility to improve coordination and collaboration in the implementation of programmes, as well as in assisting in the mobilization of resources at regional and country levels.

African governments, civil society organizations, and partners with substantial governance experience on the African continent such as, UN cooperating agencies, bilateral development agencies and international organizations used the Forum as a unique opportunity to engage in an open dialogue on the state of governance on the continent, geared to building consensus, improving coordination and helping to mobilize resources on a more predictable basis.

Through the articulation of successes and constraints, the Forum participants were able to identify the critical elements needed to advance the culture of good governance in Africa. All the programmes presented have emanated from prior consultations at a national level. The dialogue throughout was candid, demonstrating ownership and the homegrown nature of African governance programmes.

The agenda focused on: Constitutional and Judicial Reform and Human Rights; Local Government and Decentralization; Electoral and Parliamentary Assistance; Socio-economic Management, Public Administration, Accountability and Efficiency; and Empowerment, Civil Society, Civic Education, and Media Capacity Building. Many interesting and important issues were fully discussed, including gender equity and the efficacy of the opposition, the urgent need for constitutional safeguards that guarantee human rights and civil liberties, power-sharing between local and central authorities encouraging an active as well as independent and transparent electoral mechanisms.

OAU Secretary General Salim A. Salim drew attention, during the opening ceremony, to the diversity of African historical experiences. This was reinforced in the discussions, as the importance of tradition and culture in Africa's governance experience was frequently mentioned.

A clear consensus emerged on the essential practices of good governance as including:

* Leadership building;

* Transparency and accountability;

* Civil society empowerment;

* Gender mainstreaming and the advancement of women;

* Political transition (support to parliamentary processes, independent judiciary, and electoral authorities);

* Peace and stability;

* The rule of law;

* Constitutional guarantees; and

* Free and responsible media and press

In the final analysis, the real test of the importance of the Forum is whether it reflects an agreement and commitment of African governments, and civil society, to build and promote good governance and a democratic culture, together.

Fourteen African governments were represented at the ministerial level and 14 others participated as observers. Eighteen donor institutions and six UN organizations as well as the Bretton Woods institutions were also represented. Agreement was reached to pursue collaborative and coordinated programmes in support of good governance. There was also consensus that the objectives of the Forum were largely met, and that there is a legitimate basis for it to be repeated annually.


Message-Id: <> From: "Africa Policy Information Center" <> Date: Sun, 20 Jul 1997 12:34:48 -0500 Subject: Africa: ECA Governance Forum

Editor: Ali B. Ali-Dinar

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