UW-M News & Notes, Spring '96

UW-M News & Notes, Spring '96

In their stead, I have taken over as Director, Jim Delehanty has joined us amer student in the program, I reckon it has only taken me 25 years to rise to the 14th floor. Jim's rise has been much faster by contrast; he comes to us from the Geography Department, where he has taught for the last six years.

There have been other transitions as well. We are currently in the process of inaugurating a new International Institute that will bring together all of the area studies programs in new facilities in Ingraham (the former Commerce Building). While Ingraham lacks the beautiful view of the Lake Mendota, we are looking forward to closer collaboration with the other programs. At the same time, however, federal funding for Title VI (FLAS) and Fulbright is still in limbo, and the fate of future funding for area studies is a cause for deep concern.

The fall has also been a busy one. Crawford Young and Paul Beckett organized an outstanding colloquium in November on The Dilemmas of Democracy in Nigeria that brought a number of leading Nigerian scholars to Madison. The deliberations were profound and even mildly optimistic, in spite of the shocking execn of Ken Saro-Wiwa and his colleagues just before we met. In thbeen organizing the initial workshop in January for our Ford-funded collaborative project with the University of Dar es Salaam on African Expressions of Christianity.

Director Tom Spear enjoys his new position at

As for the future, we are currently reevaluating our Outreach Program with an eye to enhancing its effectiveness. We also look forward to an exciting new venture in Law and Business under the direction of Beverly Moran together with the first ever correspondence course on African history offered by UW Extension by Sue O'Brien and Tom Spear. And we are even slowly making it into the electronic age with a new page on the World Wide Web and expanding e-mail networks on campus to tie our far flung Africanist community of faculty and students closer together.

... the lively presence of a number of visiting scholars ..have enriched us all..and in these difficult times, surely that is what African Studies is all about.

We have enjoyed the lively presence of a number of visiting scholars this fall, including Gora Mbodj and Baydallaye Kane from Senegal, Eddie Webster and Luli Callinicos from South Africa, Abou Bai-Sheka from Sierra Leone, Jarle Simensen from Norway and Lawrence Tshuma from Zimbabwe. They have enriched us all, and in these difficult times, surely that is what African studies is all about.


Executions in Nigeria Have Poignant Effect on Opening of Conference

The African Studies Program and the Global Studies Research Program co-sponsored a conference on "The Dilemmas of Democracy in Nigeria" which took place in Madison November 10-13, 1995. The resultYoung (Political Science) and Paul Beckett (Office of Inter-national Studies and Programs), the conference brought together two dozen distinguished Nigerian scholars from universities in Nigeria, Canada, and the United States with a handful of American scholars of Nigeria. During an intensive three-days of discussion and 23 paper presentations, the participants explored the continuing obstacles and potential avenues of hope in Nigeria's decades-long quest for legitimate and durable democratic political institutions.

Formally opened by David Trubek, Dean of International Studies and Programs, the work of the conference began following a personal remembrance by Edris Makward (African Languages and Literature) of Ken Saro-Wiwa, who along with eight other Ogoni activists, was executed earlier that day by Sani Abacha's military government. The major themes emerging from the conference included

the institutionalization of "transition politics" as an increasingly unsuccessful legitimating strategy by military governments and their civilian allies

the militarization of Nigeria's institutions as a major factor in exacerbating regional, ethnic and religious conflict

the inability of an increasingly predatory military regime to address Nigeria's economic crisis legitimately and equitably and

the resilience of many elements of a democratic political culture in Nigeria, despite the military regime's assault on human rights and the associations of civil society.

Some of the conference participants re-emphasized these themes at the African Studies Symposium, a public session for the Madison community, held at the Memorial Union and the Wisconsin Center on November 13.

The symposium was divided into three sessions. The first session The Struggle for Democracy in Nigeria: Obstacles and Opportunities was moderated by Michael Schatzberg, Department of Political Science. Presenters were Warisu O. Alli, Emerging Social Forces and Democracy, Aaron Gana, Old Breeds, New Breeds, and Moneybags: The Political Class University of Jos; Attahiru Jega, The Military and Democratization, Bayero University. Stanlie James, Department of Afro-American Studies and Womens Studies, moderated the second session, Democratization and Cultural Pluralism in Nigeria. Discussants were Adigun Agbaje, Party Systems and Civil Society, University of Ibadan; Jibrin Ibrahim, Obstacles to Democratization, Ahmadu Bello University; Sabo Bako, The Religious Question and Democracy, Ahmadu Bello University. Crawford Young, Department of Political Science, moderated the evening session, The Dilemmas of Democracy in Nigeria: Issues from the Conferencublic Discussion. The discussion was lead by Oye Oyediran, University of Lagos, and Attahiru Jega, Bayero University.

Michael Williams, Political Science, and Dr. Michael Afolayan, African Studies, contributed their time and energy to the successful organization of this conference. The Union of Nigerians, Madison Area (UNIMA) hosted the visiting scholars one evening at a dinner held at Bayview Community Center.

A summary and conclusions of the conference proceedings is being prepared for distribution; for a copy, contact Bob Houle in the African Studies Program. It is hoped that a published volume of the papers may be available in 1996. Major funding for the conference was provided by a grant from the United States Information Agency's "Democracy in Africa" program.

(Bruce Magnusson, a dissertator in the Department of Political Science, returned from Benin last year where he did research on democratization in Benin.. Bruce was the rapporteur for the Nigerian conference.)


As announced in the last issue of News & Notes, the new chair of the African Studies Program is Thomas Spear, Department of History. He replaced Herb Lewis, Anthropology. Tom, an alumnus of UW where he did his Masters in 1970 and his Ph.D. in 1974, began teaching in the Department of History in 1993. He had taught previously at La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia, 1973-80, and Williams College, Williamtown, Massachusetts,1981-92. (See letter from the Director)

Betty Wass retired from the University of Wisconsin African Studies Program last fall. As associate director since 1989, she masterfully coordinated and faithfully executed several projects, exchanges, grants, symposiums, workshops on Africa since 1989. The African Studies community celebrated with sincere appreciation her years of committed service to the Program with a retirement party attended by over 80 people on the beautiful 19th floor of Van Hise.

The position of associate director is in the capable hands of former UW assistant professor of geography, James Delehanty. Jim received his Ph.D. in Geography in 1988 from the University of Minnesota. Jim spent four years in Niger in the Peace Corps, with CARE. He also worked for two years in Kenya at the International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases, funded by a Rockefeller Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Social Science and Agriculture. He has traveled widely in West and East Africa. He taught in the Department of Geography at the UW-Madison from 1987-1994. He then worked as an associate scientist for the Land Tenure Center in 1995 on a land reform project in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.


Research, lectures, materials, and friendships result from the University Affiliations Program between University of Wisconsin and Universit de Saint Louis The African Studies Program hosted faculty members Omar Sougou, English, and Gora Mbodj, Sociology, Universit de Saint Louis who spent six weeks at UW during the summer and fall respectively. Saint Louis student Ibrahim Thioubou, Economics, was selected to spent the current year at UW-Madison. Universit de Saint Louis will host UW faculty members Judy Miller, French, Stanlie James, Afro-American and Womens Studies, and JoEllen Fair, Journalism, who will do research in Senegal next spring.


UW Africanist Speaks at 1996 Great Decisions Lecture Series Richard Ralston, Afro-American Studies, will present Africa: Should the U.S. Care? at the 1996 Great Decisions Lecture Series on International Affairs on March 20. Wisconsin Center, 7:30-9:00 p.m. The Series is a nationwide program aimed at bringing the world to the public to help them be better informed about foreign policy issues in U.S.. For further information about other lectures which also meet on Wednesdays, call the Registration Office, Wisconsin Center, 608/262-2451.

ASP Spring Symposium in May The African Studies Spring symposium on the politics of African theater will take place in May. Professor Judith Miller, French, will help coordinate the symposium. It will include scenes from a satire prepared for performance in her course, French 595: La Parenthse de Sang by Sony Labou Tansi of The Republic of Congo. The play will be presented the first week of May in the Fredric March Play Circle, Memorial Union.

Summer Institute for African Agricultural Research The Eighth Summer Institute for African Agricultural Research, funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, will be held at the UW-Madison from June 9-21, 1996. African Ph.D. students who are studying in the U.S. in the social, biological and physical sciences working on African food and agricultural issues, and who plan to conduct their thesis research in Africa may apply. Deadline: February 1, 1996. For information,write Sharon Kemp, International Agricultural Programs, 240 Agriculture Hall, UW-Madison, Madison, WI 53706.

Zimbabwe GPA Continues To Benefit USA Communities
(Zinta Konrad, African Languages & Literature, 83, sent the following message for our readers:) This past summer 15 community college and K-12 faculty from Illinois and Wisconsin participated in a Fulbright Group Projects Abroad to Zimbabwe. The objective of this project was to give faculty an opportunity to conduct research for the purpose of infusing Africa-related content into the curricula at all grade levels. A number of friends and alumnae of the African Studies Center at UW-Madison were involved in this program: Project Co-director Dr. Zinta Konrad (College of DuPage), participants Martha Simonsen (Harper College), Ken Simonsen (College of Lake County), and Janie Wimberly (Madison Area Technical College) and External Evaluator Dr. Betty Wass, all of whom reinforced the importance of teaching students about African cultures.

One of the five dissemination workshops for educators will take place at Madison Area Technical College, March 22-23. For more information, contact Zinta Konrad at 708/942-1079.

Peter Arcese, Wildlife Ecology, received 1995 grants from the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts, from Friends of Conservation, Oak Brook, Illinois, and a UW Graduate School Travel Grant.

Marianne Bloch, Curriculum & Instruction, published African childrens play and the emergence of the sexual division of labor with Adler, S.M. (1994) in Roopnarine, J.L., Johnson, J.E., and Hooper, F.H. (Eds.) Childrens Play in Diverse Cultures. SUNY Press; and a final report to the World Bank Girls Experience in Classrooms in Guinea. She presented a paper Girls Experience in Classrooms in Guinea on the Guinea project (see News & Notes Spring 1994) with K. Anderson-Leavitt at the Comparative and International Education Society in Boston, MA in March, 1995.

John W. Bruce, Forestry and Land Tenure Center, manages the Land Tenure Centers program of research and policy development with Makerere Institute for Social Research, Makerere University, Uganda. Spring semester he is teaching a new course in Forestry The Ecology and Management of Complex Production Systems with Becky Brown, Ray Guries from Forestry.

Michael Carter, Agricultural Economics, received a Ford Foundation grant for 1995-96 to conduct research on Poverty in South Africa: Breaking the Cycle of Reproduction.

Jean-Paul Chavas, Agricultural Economics, and graduate student Ragan Petrie, received funding from the UW Graduate School for a research proposal Sources of Farm Inefficiency in African Farming Systems: An Inter and Intra-Farm Analysis of Resource Constraints and Poverty. The proposal will continue to help fund work on household economies in Mozambique and The Gambia.

Henry Drewal, Art History, was recipient of a Research fellowship at the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, Providence, RI and 1994 Graduate School Faculty Research Grant for spring and summer 1995. He was a discussant on the panel Mami Wata: New Perspectives and Peregrinations at ASA.

Jo Ellen Fair, Journalism, presented Global Meets Local Culture: The Case of Senegalese Television on the panel Africa Tunes In: Forays into the Mediated Construction of African Identity at ASA.

Stefan Hastenrath, Atmospheric & Oceanic Studies, published Extended-range prediction in the tropics in the Proceedings of National Workshop on Meteorological Research Application and Services, December 1994, Nairobi, Kenya; Variations of Mount Kenyas glaciers in the 20th century with L. Greischar and W. F. Hime 1995 in the Journal of Glaciology. He is recipient to NSF Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Climate Dynamics Program doing research on variability of tropical climate

David Henige, Africana Bibliographer, chaired and participated on the Roundtable Issues Surrounding the Publication of African Historical Source Materials at ASA.

Linda Hunter, African Languages & Literature, presented a paper Metaphors in Language Categorization at the 26th Annual Conference on African Linguistics at UCLA in April 1995. She is head of the Hausa Task Force for Africa Languages Teachers Association funded by the National Council for the Less Commonly Taught Languages.

Sharon Hutchinson, Anthropology, was recipient of the 1994-95 UW Graduate School Research Fellowship to work on the project Indigenous Prophets among the Nuer. She was a Special Fellow of the UW Land Tenure Center working on a project titled Guns and Maize: Changing Patterns of Collective Violence in the Assertion of Land Tenure Claims among the Nuer of Southeastern Sudan and Southwestern Ethiopia. She presented Changing Nuer Images and Experiences of Gun Warfare, 1930-92" on the panel titled Coping with Power and Institutions of Force which she chaired at ASA in November. Her book Nuer Dilemmas: Coping with Money, War and the State, forthcoming in December 1995, was selected as A Centennial Book by University of California Press.

Stanlie James, Afro-American Studies and Womens Studies, was granted tenure and promoted to associate professor.

Daniel Kunene, African Languages & Literature, participated in the May 1995 visit of Archbishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu in Milwaukee and introduced Archbishop Tutu at a talk at the New Life Presbyterian Church, Milwaukee. Dr. Kunene was one of the main international speakers at ALASA95 (African Languages Association of Southern Africa Conference) at the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, where he presented a paper on Orality in Written Literature: The Continuation of a Tradition. He was awarded the Shuter and Shooter Publishers Literary Award (shared with Dr. Molly Bill of the Witwatersrand University) for the best literature article published in the previous academic year, for the article Characterization, Realism and Social Inequality in the Novels of CLS Nyembezi. He presented a paper Beerhall Scenes in Zambian Literature at the 7th Janheinz Jahn Symposium at the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Herbert Lewis, Anthropology, received a summer seminar grant for participation in faculty research seminar onDemocracy, Development, and Civil Society at the Institute for the Study of Economic Culture at Boston University. He chaired the 1994 Oromo Studies Association conference in Toronto.

Luis Madureira, Comparative Literature, received a 1995 summer Research grant to continue research on his book project The Edges of a Liminal Empire: Hybridity and Marginality in the Literatures of the (Semi-) Periphery.

Edris Makward, African Languages & Literature, presented papers, "African Literature and Film at the University of Bordeaux in March 1995 and Ousmane Sembene and Ben Okri: The Camera in Contemporary African Literature, at the Tel Aviv University Conference Breaking Boundaries in June 1995.

Judith Miller, French, directed a play La Lettre daffranchissement in May 1995. She published with Christiane Makward, eds. Plays by French and Francophone Women. University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Michael Roth, Land Tenure Center, edited Land Tenure, Land Markets, Land institutional Transformation In Zambia, Madison, Land Tenure Center, September, 1994.

Harold Scheub, African Languages & Literature, is author of This is Gods Place, Storytellers of South Africa Confront Apartheid which contains works of twelve South African storytellers, historians, and poets from the Xhosa, Zulu, and Swazi oral traditions, with analyses by Harold Scheub. A quote from the preface: This is a study that gives voice to the observers and commentators, the storytellers and poets and historians who are seldom heard from outside their immediate environs. The collection of stories, histories, and poems that comprise this volume was begun in 1968 and continued into the middle of the 1970's. Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press, Fall 1996.

Antonia Schleicher, African Languages & Literature, received the Lilly Teaching Fellowship, from Letters & Science for the 1995-96 academic year. She was also awarded a grant by theUniversity of Maryland, Eastern Shore, to direct a project on Yoruba Newspaper Reader for intermediate and advanced learners of Yoruba. Yale University has accepted her second year Yoruba textbook entitled Je Ka So Yoruba: An Intermediate Level Course which will be forthcoming in 1996.

Gay Seidman, Sociology, presented a paper Gold, Mines, Migrancy: Unmaking Apartheids Legacies at University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Institute for Public Policy Studies in February, 1995. She received a grant from the Graduate Division for research titled Household Negotiations in South Africas Herschel District in South Africa, summer 1994. She published Downscaling in the South African Mining Industry, in Crush and Jaes (ed.), Crossing Boundaries: Mine Migrancy in a Democratic South Africa, Cape Town: Institute for Democratic Alternatives in South Africa, 1995.

Aliko Songolo, African Languages & Literature and French, had an appointment as Adjunct Professor of French at Northwestern University where he taught a seminar on francophone literature 1994-95. He chaired and was a discussant on the panel titled Post-Colonialism, Context and Identity at ASA in November. He was invited to read a paper at the University of Leidens School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies in December 1995. He presented a paper Exile and its Metaphors at the seminar titled Across the Borderlines: Migration and Literature. In December, Dr. Songolo served on the National Screening Committee of the International Institute of Education to recommend finalists for the Fulbright competition for student research and study in Africa. Dr. Songolo was awarded a Graduate School 1996 Summer Research grant and Faculty Development grant for Spring semester, 1997.

Thomas Spear, History, received a 1996 John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, a Vilas Award for 1995-97, and UW Graduate School Research Grants 1995-96. He has been appointed editor of Journal of African History for 1996-2001. He and history graduate student Susan OBrien developed a correspondence course on African history which will soon be offered by UW Extension. He chaired the panel titled Agriculture and Social Change at ASA.

Robert Tabachnick, Curriculum & Instruction, traveled to Namibia to join a team evaluating an experimental teacher education program which was begun while the present government was in exile in Angola. The program help prepare teachers to develop a curriculum in schools that aim to increase political awareness and economic self-sufficiency.

Aili Tripp, Political Science and Womens Studies, received an SSRC grant to return to Uganda during the summer of 1995 to fill in gaps and get feedback on a book manuscript she is completing on the political impact of womens associations in Uganda. She presented Redefining Politics: The Impact of Womens Associations in Uganda on the panel titled Modernization and its Discontents: Critical Perspectives on Civil Society in Uganda which she chaired at ASA in November. She received UW Graduate School Research support 1995-96.

Crawford Young, Political Science, received the H. Edwin Young professorship 1994. Dr. Young received the Luebbert book award for the best book in comparative politics awarded by the American Political Science Association titled The African Colonial State in Comparative Perspective (Yale, 1994) .


David E. Gardinier, Marquette University, presented The Relations of France and the USA with Gabon During the 1990s on the panel Western Powers in Francophone Africa at ASA in November.

Lilian Trager, University of Wisconsin-Parkside, chaired the panel titled Womens Roles in Changing Economies and was also a discussant on the panel titled Urban Strategies and Commercial Life in Africa and the United States at ASA.


Judith Miller, French, joined the African Studies Program this fall. Professor Miller received her Ph.D. from the University of Rochester in 1975. She has been teaching in the Department of French and Italian at the UW-Madison since 1977. Professor Miller has taught courses in French and francophone theatre, French literature, literature of Africa and the Caribbean, and French and American Feminisms. She is author of over thirty articles and three books, including Plays by French and Francophone Women: A Critical Anthology (with Christiane Makward) Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994. Dr. Miller is currently working on a book-length reader of the poetry and theater of Werewere Liking for The Feminist Press. She will teach Theory and Practice of French and Francophone Drama in the Spring semester. The class will present La Parenthse de Sang by Sony Labou Tansi of The Republic of the Congo.

Matthew Turner, Geography, returned from working with the Centre International Pour lElevage en Afrique in Niger to begin teaching in the Department of Geography last fall, at which time he joined the African Studies Program. Dr. Turner received his Ph.D. from the Energy and Resources Group, University of California at Berkeley in 1992. His dissertation title was Life on the Margin: Fulbe Herding Practices and the Relationship between Economy and Ecology in the Inland Niger Delta of Mali. As a research associate at the Centre International Pour lElevage en Afrique in Niger, he investigated the socioeconomic factors affecting livestock-mediated nutrient cycling in mixed farming systems of western Niger. Professor Turner, a Sahel specialist, has also done research in Mali and Senegal. VISITORS


Abou Bai-Sheka, Fulbright Visiting Scholar, Department of Modern Languages, Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone, is doing research on the influence of the Temne, Limba, and Krio languages on the Gullah people of Southgia. Professor Linda Hunter, African Languages & Literature is faculty associate of Dr. Bai-Sheka for the academic year.

Baydallaye Kane, Fulbright Visiting Scholar, English, Universit de Saint Louis, Senegal, English, is spending the academic year doing research on criminal justice in anglophone African literature. His faculty associate is Professor Edris Makward, African Languages & Literature.

Eddie Webster,Visiting Fulbright Scholar, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa joined the African Studies Program and the Havens Center during the Fall semester. Dr. Webster, is doing research on the sociology of workplace industrial relations in South Africa. His faculty associate is Dr. Wolfgang Luli Callinicos,Visiting Scholar, Sociology, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa is doing research on a biography of Oliver Tambo.

Habib Iddrisu, Dance, visiting master drummer from Ghana, worked as a research consultant with Professor Claudia Melrose, Department of Dance, first semester.

Gora Mbodj, Sociology, USIA Universit de Saint Louis, Senegal Exchange, spent four weeks on campus doing research on the sociology of gender relations in education. He also presented a Sandwich Seminar and a lecture in the Department of Anthropology.

El Hadj Mbodj, Fulbright Visiting Scholar at UW 89-90, Professor Aggrg, Facult de Droit et Sciences Juridiques et Politiques, and Director of Institute for Human Rights and Peace, Universit Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, visited the African Studies Program as part of the International Visitor Program of USIA in October. He presented a public lecture Human Rights in Senegal and lectured in Professor Aili Tripps class on African politics.

Jarle Simensen, History, Visiting Scholar at the UW Institute for Research in the Humanities from University of Trondheim, Norway, is doing research on ethnicity in African history and historical research, and also on local politics during colonial rule in Ghana.

Lawrence Tshuma, Ford Foundation Visiting Scholar, UW Land Tenure Center, Law, University of Zimbabwe, continued his research on agrarian land reform in Zimbabwe and actively participated in the African Studies Program first semester.

YOUNG AFRICAN LEADERS STUDY ACCOUNTABILITY IN GOVERNMENT The delegation of young African leaders are participants in the United States Information Agencys International Visitor Program. They will be visiting the United States January 8-February 9, 1996 to study Accountability in Government: Principles, Ideals, and Trends in the United States. The African-American Institute is arranging their national itineraries which include a week in Madison from January 14-21, 1996. The African Studies Program and the Office of International Studies and Programs will welcome the following visitors at a reception on January 17:

Kokou Avigan, Togo, Deputy, National Assembly; K.Attaher Abdoulmoumine, Niger, Vice President, Armed Resistance Organization, and Vice President, Special Committee for Peace; Bernadette Bah, Cte dIvoire, Political Journalist, Le Jour Newspaper; Mart Christopher B. Barrett, Agricultural Economics, Ph.D.94, Utah State University, presented Farmers Welfare and Changing Food Prices: Nonparametric Evidence From Rice in Madagascar on the panel Crop Marketing in Newly Liberalized Marketswith Paul A. Dorosh, Cornell University, at the African Studies Association in November. Chris won the national dissertation award of the American Agricultural
Economics Association.

Gretchen Bauer, Political Science, Ph.D. 93,University of Delaware, presented Missed Opportunities?: The Potential Role of Trade Unions in the Consolidation of Democracy in Namibia on the panel titled Trade Unions in the Democratic Transition in Africa at ASA .

Ann Biersteker, African Languages & Literature, Ph.D. 84, Yale University, chaired the panel titled Newt Gingrich as American Africanist: Some Questions Concerning Africanist, American, and American Africanist Identities and Discourses and presented
American Civilisation and Other Technocratic Nightmares at ASA.

Henry C. Bierwirth, History, Ph.D. 94, presented Entrenchment of the Lebanese Community in Cte dIvoire, 1945-60 on the panel titled Indigenous and Immigrant Capitalists i CONGRATULATIONS TO AFRICAN STUDIES STUDENTS ON THEIR ACCOMPLISHMENTS!

Travel Award The pre-dissertation travel award funded by the 1995-96 Title VI grant offers financial support for one graduate student from the African Studies Program to cover air travel to Africa for pre-dissertation/dissertation field work. This year's recipient is Kathleen-Mulligan Hansel, Political Science. She will travel to Tanzania to research her topic Gender, State and Society: Negotiating Gender Ideologies in Contemporary Tanzania"

PH. D. es Jeffrey Kaufmann, Anthropology. Summer, 1995 Natural Conservation Values and Practices of Pastoralists in Southern Madagascar

Foreign Language and Area Studies Jared Banks,African Languages & Literature, Yoruba Justin Brashares, Wildlife Ecology, Swahili

Concentration in African Studies Nichole L. Smaglick, Music Kerry Zaleski, Anthropology Nicole B. Daniels, Anthropology

...And then, we also congratulate:

Elhadji Chaibou, African Languages & Literature, Steenbach Summer AwardLaura Hammond, Anthropology, MacArthur funding.

Jermaine Jones, History, Advanced Opportunity Fellowship Amy Kaler, Sociology, University of Minnesota, MacArthur Inter-disciplinary Program on Peace and International Co-operaton and Social Station Fellowship, spent fall semester at the UW-Madison. Her research topic is The social history of birth control in Rhodesia 1965-1980.

Maria d. Olson, Journalism, received a Readers Digest Fellowship for the 1995-96 academic year.

Erick Mann, History, Fulbright-PAD and the Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung SPD Doctoral Research Fellowship.

Nancy Pauley, Curriculum & Instruction, traveled to Namibia as a curriculum development specialist, leading eleven other teachers on a Fulbright Group Projects Abroad grant for five weeks. They studied family live, environmental protection, and issues concerning the new democracy.

Jeff Shalan, Comparative Literature, did research in Morocco and Tunisia on a Social Science Research Council Grant.

Frances Vavrus, Curriculum & Instruction, is the recipient of the Fulbright Hays Doctoral Dissertation Award 1995-96. She will do research in Tanzania at Kolila Secondary School, P.O. Box 16, Old Moshi, Tanzania.

Harry West, Anthropology, Woodrow Wilson Dissertation Fellowship.

Laurent A. Makward Scholarship LeAnn Hutchison, Sociology and Molecular Biology, was selected to receive the 1995-96 Laurent A. Makward Scholarship to help support the academic prgram abroad in Budapest, Hungary. The scholarship was established by Professors Christiane Makward, Department of French, Pennsylvania State University, and Edris Makward, UW Professor of African Languages & Literature, in memory of their son Laurent who died in 1983.


PH.D. Precious Afolayan, Educational Administration, December 95, Defying the rule of conventional wisdom: A study of resiliency factors in the school experiences of African American female high school students with a prior history of academic failure and grade retention

Dominic Ashley, CAVE, August 94, Barriers and Constraints to the Recovery and Utilization of Indigenous Knowledge in Sustainable Agricultural Development in Sierra Leone

Christopher B. Barrett,, Economics, December 94, Peasants, prices and markets in Madagascar: Toward an understanding of agricultural supply response to liberalization in a smallholder economy

Gretchen Bauer, Political Science, December 94, The Labor Movement and the Consolidation of Democracy in Namibia

Victor Gaigbe-Togbe, Sociology 94, The impact of environmental risk factors on infant and early childhood health, nutritional status and mortality in West Africa.

Sheikh Kamarah, African Languages & Literature, August 94, Phonology and Tonology in the Morphology of Temne: A Lexicalist Approach

Timothy Longman, Political Science, May 95, Christianity and Crisis in Rwanda: Religion, Civil Society, Democratization and Decline

Dan Maxwell, Development Studies, May 95, Labor, Land, Food and Farming: A Household Analysis of Urban Agriculture in Kampala, Uganda

Tidjane Ngaido, Land Resources, December 95, Redefining the Boundaries of Control: Post-colonial tenure policies and Dynamics of Social and Tenure changes in Western Rural Niger

Moyosore Okeidji, Art History, May 95, Semioptics of Anamnesia: Yoruba Images in the Works of Jeff Donaldson, Howardena Pindell & Muneer Bahudden

Christopher Whann, Political Science, May 95, The revenue imperative and state management in Lesotho, South Africa.

MASTERS Aiah Lebbie, Conservation Biology and Sustainable Development, Potential of Sacred Groves for Biodiversity Conservation in Sierra Leone

Andrea Frohne, Art History, 94

Bruce Keyes, Land Resources, May 95

Marie Krger, African Languages & Literature, May 95, Female characters in contemporary Kenyan womens writing: Independent figures or subdued voices?

Shannen Hill, Art History, December 94, Minkisi Do Not Die: The survival of Kongo Cosmology in Modern Christian Zaire

Tonic Maruatona, CAVE, December 94

Donna McComas, Art History, December 94, Processual Aesthetics: Embroidered Textiles and the Itul Performance of the Bushong-Kumb

Mustapha Mirzeler, Anthropology, December 94

Students Present at ASA UW students who presented papers at the thirty-eighth annual meeting of African Studies Association in November 1995, in Orlando, Florida, are:

Niyi Afolabi, Spanish & Portuguese, as a representative of the African Studies Outreach, conducted the teachers workshop session Neglected Africans: Teaching Lusophone African Literature.

Linda J. Beck, Political Science, presented Mouridisme Moderne: The Changing Role of Religion and Politics in Senegal on the panel titled Contemporary Dynamics of Islam and Politics in Trans-Saharan Africa.

Laura Hammond, Anthropology, presented Refugee Repatriation and Economic Reintegration: The Case of Northwestern Ethiopia on the panel titled Forced Migration II: The Challenge of Reintegrating Refugees.

Bruce Magnusson, Political Science, presented Economic Adjustment, Democracy, and Legitimacy: Lessons From Benin on the panel titled State and Societal Responses to Economic Crises in North and West Africa.

Robert C. Newton, African Languages & Literature, presented Epic Proportions: Jeliya in the Big Band Era on the panel titled Griots and Technology. Ellen Nyahwihwiri, Development Studies, presented Uganda and Foreign Donors: Progress Towards Democracy, or Strategically Positioned? on the panel titled Economic Reform and Democratization in Africa.

John E. Peck, Land Resources, presented Indigenous Knowledge for Sustainable Development: A Case Study of the Permaculture Movement in Zimbabwe on the panel titled Population Pressure and Changing Farming Practices.

Patrick Royer, Sociology, presented Religious Belief and the Competitive Spirit: The Wak in Burkina Faso on the panel titled Ritual Politics: Power, Representation, and the Negotiation of Meaning.

Joy L. Wrolson, African Languages & Literature, presented Zimbabwean Community Theater: Text and Subtext on the panel titled National Contexts, Social Institutions, and the Construction of Identity.

1995-96 Study Abroad Programs The opportunities for learning in Africa continue to be available to our students, as well as to students from other colleges and universities. The African Studies staff and faculty send their sincere encouragement, to learn from every corner of their African experience, to the following students: American University, Cairo, Egypt: Mandy S. Chan, Daniel C. Rabe, Christopher M. Reichert, UW-Madison

Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco: Summer 95: Rebecca S. Briggs, University of Pittsburgh; Jonathan W. Pillow, University of Arizona; Matthew O. Schrenk, UW-Madison; Leslie A. Thornton, University of Scranton

Universit de Saint Louis, Senegal: Esther Baker, Bowdoin College, Catherine Noer, Bates College, Katie Hall, Centenary College, Audrey Jantzen, Jennifer Ruben, Katie Marac, UW-Madison.

Students Sharpened Language Skills in Nigeria Antonia Schleicher, African Languages & Literature, for the third year, led a group of nine students on a Fulbright-Hays Group Project Abroad for intensive study of Yoruba and Hausa in Nigeria. Hausa students were immersed in culture and intensive language study in Kano while Yoruba students improved their skills through courses, and by living with host families in Ife-Ife. UW students rd Robin Stewart, African Languages & Literature.

RESEARCH IN ZAIRE by Richard Peterson, IES

When my wife and I told others we were leaving to work and do research in Zaire, common responses included "What about the Ebola virus?" or, "Will you be near the refugees?" or the more general, "Zaire? They've been having some problems there, haven't they?" Indeed, few African

countries have been as quick to garner the popular perception, skewed as it is, of being a true 'basketcase', or a deep dark cavern of corruption. In truth, Zaire is facing many problems both economic and moral, but our recent work there confirmed for me again, that 'basketcase' prognosesand experienes one sees and lives. We returned saddened by seeing the very real effects corruption and economic decay can have on people's lives, but extremely heartened and humbled by people's courage, generosity, aliveness, strength, commitment, and tenacity even in the midst of the difficulties they face. Despite the dire warnings of how "nothing works in Zaire" since 1990 when the country's political and economic ferment took a new turn), we were also impressed by how much did work, how much was going on, and how signs of life in the midst of decay abounded. Out of this cauldron, not only of decay but of life, we returned having been given, one of the most fruitful,rich, and enlivening experiences we have been graced to receive.

In Zaire, as elsewhere, it is vitally important and essential to be affiliated with a local institution that has the trust of the local community with whom one lives. This does not always have to mean an affiliation with a branch of the Zairian government, although neither does it mean that seeking governmental affiliation is to be bypassed. Much depends on the type and length of research one is conducting. Any long-term or on-going research projects would definitely want to solicit affiliation at the level of the national government. From my own experience and the experiences of colleagues, this takes some energy and time, but most often has been handled very professionally and graciously and has proved immensely fruitful and beneficial. In the past I have been affiliated with the governmental Institut Zairois pour la Conservation de la Nature (IZCN), who graciously arranged for me to receive a courtesy visa and aided my research in numerous ways. Other colleagues have gained research clearance and aid through affiliation with the Institut des Muses Nationaux or various departments of the National University.

We returned saddened by seeing the very real effects corruption and economic decay can have on people's lives, but extremely heartened and humbled by people's courage, generosity, aliveness, strength, commitment, and tenacity even in the midst of the difficulties they face.

Our recent research trip to Zaire was relatively short (4 and + months) and we were able to work out our affiliations through more local organizations, as well as draw on previous affiliations with the IZCN. These local organizations included the Communaut Evangelique de l'Ubangi-Mongala (CEUM), a Zairian Protestant Church working in the northwest of the country; CEUM Loko, an integrated health and development center run by the CEUM; the Centre Aequatoria in Bamania (just outside of Mbandaka), a small but very impressive African Humanities library and research center, which, I was amazed to find, holds, there in the middle of the forest, one of the best Africana collections I have seen; and the Centre de Formation et Recherche en Conservation Forestire (CEFRECOF), a tropical forest research center in Epulu set up to train Zairian ecologists and able to provide foreign researchers with research clearance and affiliation for short-term (3 month) research projects in the forest areas near Epulu. In all cases, these local organizations were graciously accommodating and went out of their way to make my research experience with them a good one.

Logistics are a challenge in Zaire and getting from place to place can be difficult. Although traveling is hard, it is certainly not impossible and one should not forego doing research in Zaire just because one has heard Air Zaire no longer flies. Even in places like the Ituri Forest where horrendous roads with mudholes 4 meters deep and 50 meters long give one pause, one finds a way through. Under such conditions, a motorcycle lent to me by the conservation projects based at Epulu proved invaluable. For traveling longer distances, NGO and private organizations have filled the hole left by national transportation agencies. Particularly helpful to researchers is Missionary Aviation Fellowship (MAF), which has regular flights between missions and towns in many areas of the country. For a higher rate they will also charter a flight. Numerous private airlines have also sprung up, some more safe than others. Those I know of and can recommend include Express City, operating between Kinshasa and major inland cities; Shabair, operating in the south and east; and TMK operating in the east.
Buses still travel major routes in certain regions but where there are no buses, one can hitch on commercial trucks for a bargained fare. In the south and east, newly managed railways, partly privatized, are reported to be operating again after years of decay. Although getting there was sometimes hard, being there was extremely rewarding.

Communication can be greatly facilitated if one speaks French and one of the four major 'trade' languages in Zaire -- Lingala, Swahili, Tshiluba, and Kikongo, of which Lingala is the most widely spoken. Learning the local ethnic language of one's community is of course preferable, but knowledge of one of the four 'trade' languages can bring one a long way. >From the standpoint of infrastructure, communication like transportation can be slow but not impossible. The best internal mail systems are sending letters with a friend or even trustworthy-looking strangers. For overseas mail, church and business connections prove the most efficient. MAF has regular flights to Nairobi and Bangui and will carry stamped mail. In expedient cases the short wave radio networks of Catholic and Protestant missions and private businesses are a big help.Email has also hit Zaire and in many large cities one finds private fax and tel-sat phone agencies through whom one can contact anywhere in the world for a price (the one in Gemena was charging $7/minute). You will not disappear from contact if you do research in Zaire. We found the current Zaire, so often deemed a 'basketcase', instead to be a land graciously ready to teach us and help us Its challenges are enormous but its resources for facing them are also vast. Rather than being dismissed as a hopeless case, Zaire needs its real conditions and its thousands of ordinary, courageous, gracious, and capable citizens to be publicized, recognized, and where possible aided, as it, a young but amazingly rich land, grows and changes. Research can hopefully contribute to this task.
AFRICAN STUDIES SPEAKERS September-December 1995 Teame Beyene, President of the High Court of Eritrea, "Building Eritrea's Judiciary and Legal System"

Aliko Songolo, French and African Languages & Literature, The Dilemma of an African(ist)"

Saliou Mbaye, Director of the Senegalese National Archives, Archival Research in francophone West Africa

Tidiane Ngaido, Land Tenure Center, Challenges to Redesigning Land Legislation in the Sahel: The Nigerien Experience

Tom Spear, History,"African Expressions of Christianity in East Africa"

Gora Mbodj, Sociology, Visiting Professor, Universit de St. Louis, "The Origin of Gender Relations Among the Wolof of Senegal"

Lawrence Tshuma, Visiting Ford Postdoctoral Scholar, Land Tenure Center, University of Zimbabwe, "Betrayal or Pragmatism: Agrarian Reform in Zimbabwe"

C. Daniel Dawson, Director of Education, Museum of African Art, "African Influences on Popular Culture" Luli Callinicos, History, University of Witwatersrand, "Oliver Tambo and the Politics of Memory: Images of ANC Leadership in the new South Africa"

El Hadj Mbodj, Law; Director of Institute of Human Rights, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal, Human Rights in Senegal

John Bruce, Land Tenure Center and Forestry, "Common Property Forestry in Africa: Tanzania and Guinea"

Issac Makanani, Zimbabwe Friends of the Unemployed, Harare, Zimbabwe,"Grassroots Initiatives to Create Employment in Southern Africa?"

Sandra Klopper, Art History, University of Cape Town, Johannesburg, South Africa, "Dressing for Political Power in the new South Africa"

Amy Kaler, Sociology, University of Minnesota, "Political Aspects of the Diffusion of New Means of Contraception in Rural Rhodesia 1965-1980"

Aderibigbe Olomola, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research,Tenure Systems and Raffia Palm Exploitation in Swampland Areas of Southwest Nigeria

Habib Iddrisu, Dance, Master drummer and dancer, University of Ghana,"Calling the Ancestors: Ghanian Dance and Drumming"

Emilie Ngo-Nguidjol, Reference Librarian, "Learning Africa through the Palate: Cooking and Social Tradition"

Michael DeKlerk, Economics, University of Cape Town,The Potential for Sustainable Small-Scale Commercial Farming in the Western Cape

Kandioura Drame, French, University of Virginia,"The Trickster as Triptych"

Ade M.U. Obayemi, History, University of Ilorin, "Beyond Equality: Women in Okun Yoruba Affairs"

Eddie Webster, Sociology, University of Witwatersrand, "Taking Democracy Seriously: Worker Expectations and Democracy in South Africa"Richard Peterson, Institute of Environmental Studies, Micro-Hydros and Mamiwatas: Central African Voices on the Human/ Environment Relationship OUTREACH NEWS

Outreach as Ujamaa, Ujamaa as Outreach by Niyi Afolabi, Outreach Project Assistant

It was at the Outreach Council meeting of the 1995 African Studies Association Annual meeting in Orlando that a colleague referred to Outreach as "cooperation". The Wisconsin reality cannot be more appropriate. Anything less than cooperation will jeopardize the very spirit of Ujamaa, a Swahili word representing cooperative economics as well as the fourth of the seven principles of Kwanzaa.

Taking stock of the Outreach since the beginning of 1995-96 academic year, three broad categories come to mind: Objectives, means, and effectiveness. The main goal has always been to reach out to community schools especially K-12 by making Africa more accessible to teachers and students but what seems to have changed is the means to that end. In this regard, I consider 1995 a year of transition when most of our activities have been more collaborative than ever before. Outreach coordination is now a team project which calls for a consolidation of experience and expertise as manifest in our "Gateway" series. Indeed, we appreciate the contributions of the entire outreach staff: former Associate Director Betty Wass and former Assistant Director of the African Studies Program Marj Harris who volunteer their time weekly, Marie Krger, Library Assistant, Teresa Tsang, Computer Assistant and Eileen McNamara who oversees outreach activities. Gateway to Francophone West Africa (October 7, 1995): Organized in collaboration with Department of Liberal Studies (Extension) and Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, this workshop brought together thirty-five teachers of French and Social Studies from different parts of Wisconsin. The participants benefitted not only from the six guest speakers but also from the diversity of their topics and the presence of West African students with whom they interacted.

Professor Edris Makward gave the keynote address on the theme of the workshop while providing a cultural and historical background of West Africa and the rest of the continent. Ms. Emilie Ngo-Nguidjol's session on "Culture and Cuisine: West Africa through the Palate" gave participants a first-hand exposure to African cooking while provoking their taste buds with samples of delicacies.

The four other sessions presented by Ms. Claire Kotenbeutel ("The Griot and Oral Traditions"), Professor Baydallaye Kane ("Ramadan Festival"), Ms. Sally Cullen ("Afrique, Mon Afrique") and Professor Matt Turner ("Relearning the Geography of West Africa") were enriching in cultural information as well as captivating in their visuals. Participants, speakers, and coordinators (Madeline Uraneck, Eileen McNamara, Professor Irene Geller and myself) left the workshop with a sense ofto bear fruit as a group of participants have recently contacted us about organizing a "West Africa Day" in their own school.

Gateway to Africa (January 29, 1996): This is an upcoming workshop taking place in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Organized in collaboration with CESA (Cooperative Educational Service Agencrtment of Public Instruction, this "mobile" workshop will bring together teachers from Oshkosh and other parts of Wisconsin. The focus of the workshop will be on the theme of "Africa: Land of Diversity" through the viewpoints of Senegal and Nigeria. The presenters, Professor Baydallaye Kane and Mr. Omoniyi Afolabi will explore aspects of diversity as manifest in family life, marriage, religion and languages. Dr. Betty Wass, former Associate Director, will also speak on "Weaving Textiles into the Curriculum" while four stands representing "African Markets" will give participants hands-on experience on etiquette, fabrics, naming customs and Ramadan.

The vision of the Outreach should not be defined top-down, but by the needs of our immediate community schools, neighboring institutions and even among ourselves... Such a participatory approach will foster more dialogue and mutual enrichment between beneficiaries and benefactors

Gateway to Southern Africa (February 18, 1996): In the post-Apartheid spirit, this is a workshop to look forward to in Madison. Organized in collaboration with Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, the workshop will coincide with the performance of the Ladysmith Black Mambazo group from South Africa at the Civic Center. Professor Daniel Kunene will give the keynote address while other speakers, Glory Mamba, and Duncan Chaplin, will explore diverse themes of socio-political, historical, literary, and educational significance.

Participating teachers and Southern African students with whom they will interact will enjoy an African dinner after the workshop at the home of Professor Kunene.

Outreach to Community schools: This unit has been revitalized through the recruitment and commitment of African students to the Speakers Bureau. A short orientation was organized at the beginning of the Fall semester for potential speakers to meet with the former Outreach Coordinator, Dr. Michael Afolayan, who shared tips about being an international guest speaker at community schools. To date, we have visited and done cultural presentations at Frank Allis Elementary, Crestwood Elementary Merrimac Elementary, McFarland Elementary in Wisconsin, and Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois. Topics have ranged from "African Culture through Costume: Nigeria, Ghana and Gambia","Liberian People and Culture", Weaving Textiles into the Curriculum,Observing Development in Benin, to "Music and Folk-Dance of Sene-Gambia" while presenters have come from diverse backgrounds ranging from the literary to the developmental. The African speakers were Augustine Tatus from

Liberia, and Omar Jah from The Gambia. It is hoped that our efforts to stimulate teachers into incorporating Africa in their curriculum will yield more concrete results whereing done by some community schools exploring Southern Africa and Kenya.

The Way Forward: While the role of the Outreach continues to be that of a facilitator and resource center, it is hoped that teachers become collaborative problem-solvers by helping us determine more specifically what their neo customize meeting those needs. The effectiveness of the Outreach lies on how best we can forge this creative partnership. The vision of the Outreach, I believe, should not be defined top-down, but by the needs of our immediate community schools, neighboring institutions and even among ourselves. Such a bottom-up or participatory approach will foster more dialogue and mutual enrichment between beneficiaries and benefactors.

NEW ASP PUBLICATIONS The following publications are available from the African Studies Program:

Evangelisch-Lutherisches Missionsblatt. Extracts on Arusha and Meru 1897-1914 edited by Thomas Spear and translated by C. Michelle Murphy and Timothy M. Murphy, $20.00

Lyrics of Basotho Migrants, edited with an introduction by David B. Coplan and translated by David B. Coplan and Seakhi Santho, $30.00

Eileen A. McNamara
1458 Van Hise Hall
1220 Linden Drive
Madison, WI 53706

Message-Id: <> Date: Tue, 23 Jan 96 13:44 CDT From: Eileen McNamara <> Subject: program.

Editor: Ali B. Ali-Dinar

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