Sudan: OLS (Southern Sector) Weekly Report 29-15 April, 5/3/99

Sudan: OLS (Southern Sector) Weekly Report 29-15 April, 5/3/99

Source: UN OLS (contact:

UNITED NATIONS NATIONS UNIES Operation Lifeline Sudan (Southern Sector) Weekly Report: 19th - 25th April

General Situation

On 22nd April, NGOs received a letter from the Executive Secretary of the SRRA informing them that all NGOs should sign the attached Memorandum of Understanding with the SRRA by 30th April. NGOs who did not wish to sign the MOU would be required to leave SPLM-held areas of south Sudan. After intense negotiations, involving OLS management and the donors, the deadline for signing the MOU was lifted on 28th April, and the negotiations for agreeing a mutually acceptable MOU will resume.

Insecurity continues in Chukudum, and the location is currently no-go for OLS agencies. In addition, the Natinga-New Cush road has been declared unsafe by OLS Security.

During the reporting period, five C-130 Hercules and three Buffalo aircraft operated out of Lokichokkio and two C-130 Hercules and one Ilyushin-76 operated out of El Obeid and Khartoum.

Meetings & Workshops

OLS Retreat The annual OLS southern sector retreat took place in Machakos on 22-24th April. Staff from over 30 NGOs, as well as UNICEF and WFP, met to discuss issues such as Targeted Aircraft Funding, OLS relations, Emergency preparedness and Program Quality. The Retreat report is expected soon, but the main actions points agreed upon include:

TAF: the Share a Ride system will be phased out.

OLS Relations: the Retreat reconfirmed the viability of the OLS consortium in its present form.

Emergency Preparedness: a move towards a consortium wide contingency plan and emergency response, with the Emergency Preparedness and Response Officer as the focal point.

Program Quality: the Nakuru recommendations for improving the quality of OLS programs were reconfirmed. The need to develop capacity for independent program quality evaluation was recognised, although further discussion on the mechanisms would be required.

UNHCR officials visited Lokichoggio on 21st April and announced plans to hold three workshops on protection of refugees in northern Kenya. The first workshop will be held in Kakuma on 5th May, the second on 6th May in Lodwar and lastly on 7th May in Lokichoggio at the Intereact Hall. UNHCR requested the participation of nine OLS staff members. Agencies interested in participating in this workshop have been requested to give their names to the camp manager.

Programme Health

Cholera In view of the confirmed and unconfirmed cases of cholera reported by MSF-H in Lankien and Chuil, MSF-H is setting up a clinic in Lankien to deal with the outbreak of cholera in the area. According to MSF-H, the outbreak is no longer confined to Akobo and Wanding but seems to be spreading to other parts of Jonglei and Upper Nile. MSF-B reported 655 admissions into their PHCC in Akobo and nine deaths between 6th April and 25th April.

Borrelia/Relapsing Fever The WHO/CDC team returned to Lokichoggio on 24th April from Rumbek and debriefed OLS agencies on their findings. The team had previously debriefed agencies based in Rumbek and Billing on 23rd April. According to the team, borellia, commonly known as relapsing fever, in Rumbek and Billing was louse - borne. The disease is transmitted through the body louse and not the head louse. The team attributed the outbreak to poor sanitation and unhygienic practices that offer a conducive breeding environment for the louse. Most people in the area live far from water points, lack soap for cleaning clothes and rarely change their clothing. The team observed that many people were infested.

The villagers found it difficult to accept that the killer disease was spread through lice. Lice have always been part of their lives and wondered why it was the cause of disease today.

The team with the help of NGOs and counterparts devised the following control measures:

- Educating the community about the connection between the body
louse and borellia and therefore the need for personal hygiene.

- Delouse suspected cases of borellia and treat patients with
appropriate antibiotics at the PHCC / PHCU.

- Health workers to visit the homes of suspected cases and treat
and delouse all family members since the disease is highly contagious and could easily spread from one family member to the other.

- Documentation of reported cases.

- Train health workers on relapsing fever control and treatment.

- Stockpile antibiotics and delousing powder in locations with
reported cases.


A nutrition assessment team, consisting of seven nutrition consultants, commenced the nutrition survey of 15 locations in Aweil East, Aweil West, Gogrial and Twic counties in Bahr el Ghazal on 15th April. The survey was prompted by reports of emerging pockets of malnutrition in these locations. The assessment is based on the 30 cluster UNICEF/WHO sampling procedure whose purpose is to determine the nutritional status of children below 5 years of age at this period which covers the beginning of hunger gap. The results of the assessment will give a baseline situation and a broad understanding of nutritional status which will guide interventions during the hunger gap and in future. NGOs are carrying out surveys in their areas of operation and UNICEF is covering locations not covered by NGOs. The assessment is scheduled to end in mid-May.

Food Distribution 1931.74 tons of food was distributed to 176,320 beneficiaries in south Sudan. WFP distributed food to Aweil East and West, which recently reported increased malnutrition levels amongst children, adolescents and adults.

WFP resumed food distribution to Gumriak, which has been declared insecure for two months, after the location was cleared by OLS security about two weeks ago. The following table summarises WFP food distribution to various locations in south Sudan:

Bahr el Ghazal

Location Beneficiaries Quantity of Food in MTS Abuyong 3,300 55 Ajiep 18,342 143 Baar 38,520 334 Turalei 22,068 226 Midel 10,000 160 Tieralet 10,140 137 Nyamlell 32,330 322

Upper Nile/Jonglei

Location Beneficiaries Quantity of Food in MTS Gumriak 15,360 142 Nhialdiu 26,260 172

Training WFP staff held a training session in Liil, Twic County in Bahr el Ghazal for members of the local Relief Committees which includes women's groups, chiefs and local counterparts on security measures needed during WFP air drops and distributions.


The following supplies from UNICEF stores were distributed to south Sudan.

19th April . 410 kilograms of health and nutrition supplies to Padak, Adior,
Banya and Malualukon . 10 kilograms of veterinary supplies to Malualkon . 30 kilograms of agriculture supplies to Malualkon . 60 kilograms of education supplies to Malualkon

20th April . 7,750 kilograms of agricultural supplies to Pochala . 15 kilograms of veterinary supplies to Mabior . 174 kilograms of health supplies to Baau . 8,520 kilograms of water and sanitation supplies to Narus and

21st April . 3,725 kilograms of health and nutrition supplies to Akon. . 280 kilograms of vet supplies to Marial and Mading. . 4,300 kilograms of agriculture supplies to Longochok. . 650 kilograms of education supplies to Akon and Malualkon. . 600 kilograms of camp supplies to Akon.

22nd April . 410 kilograms of veterinary supplies to Pochala . 12,880 kilograms of health and nutrition supplies to Aburoc,
Nyamlel, Padak, Akon, Billing, Abuyong and Lual . 45 kilograms of camp supplies to Ajiep . 10 kilograms of agricultural supplies to Mabior

23rd April . 585 kilograms of vet supplies to Thiet and Nanyagachor . 2,200 kilograms of health and nutrition supplies to Akon . 240 kilograms of education supplies to Akon and Thiet . 15 kilograms of agricultural supplies to Thiet . 865 kilograms of camp supplies to Akon

24th April . 744 kilograms of water supplies to Leer . 4 kilograms of agricultural supplies to Wunrock

25th April . 1,260 kilograms of health and nutrition supplies to Akon,
Yambio and Nyal . 415 kilograms of vet supplies to Narus and Pochalla . 1,805 kilograms of Agricultural supplies to Yambio


Mr. Ralph Hazleton and Mr. Douglas Clements from CIDA returned to Nairobi on 25th April after an eleven-day visit to Lokichoggio and south Sudan. The team toured the UNICEF HHFS project in Bunagok and Banya, World Vision activities in Lunyaker and other NGO activities in Panthou.

Paul Filler and the new European Union Head of Delegation to Khartoum, Xavier Marchal visited Lokichoggio on 22nd April. The delegation toured the airstrip, met OLS agencies and had a security briefing with the UNICEF security team. The UNICEF/OLS Information and Communications Officer accompanied the delegation.

Simon Mansfield of the DFID arrived in Lokichoggio on 20th March to view the activities of OLS agencies. He visited Lankien, south Sudan on 24th March to view CMA and MSF-H activities. Mr. Mansfield had earlier visited the SCF-UK and MSF-B projects in Acumcum and Ajiep. He is scheduled to return to Nairobi on 26th April.

Sylwester Walczak and Szymon Karpinski of Rzeczpospolita Newspaper in Warsaw Poland arrived in Lokichoggio on 25th April. The crew is scheduled to visit Rumbek with Diocese of Rumbek and to hold a debriefing session with the OLS Field Co-ordinator upon their return on 27th April.


The Chief Security Officer on 25th April expressed concern about the poor turn out of OLS staff for the Security workshop that commenced on the 25th April. Only five people turned up for the workshop though 44 participants had confirmed their attendance by 21st April.

21st April: The New Cush-Natinga route was closed to OLS agencies following an ambush on a NCA vehicle by about ten armed men. All valuables were stolen but the occupants were unharmed.

25th April: Chukudum was evacuated following fighting which, reportedly resulted in the deaths of four people.


Date: Mon, 3 May 1999 17:13:05 +0300 (EAT) From: IRIN - Central and Eastern Africa <> Subject: SUDAN: OLS (Southern Sector) Weekly Report 29-15 April [19990503]

Editor: Dr. Ali B. Ali-Dinar, Ph.D

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