International Country Domain-Names

International Country Domain-Names


TOP-LEVEL INTERNATIONAL COUNTRY DOMAIN NAMES ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Retrieving: FAQ: Top-level international country domain names [o.crepin- leblondGetting "FAQ: Top-level international country domain names [o.crepin-leblond@ic0007967NETS (Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond) (Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond) 19921204 Message-Id: <> FAQ: Top-level international country domain names [o.crepin- (Ol ivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond) (Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond) Fri, 4 Dec 1992 19:24:41 +0000] From: (Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond) (Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond) Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1992 19:24:41 +0000 To: info-nets@Think.COM Archive-name: top-level-domains Last-modified: 1992/12/4

International Standard ISO 3166 Names Compiled by Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond email: Release: 92.12.3

Release Note: a. I am including some domain names with a P tag. This is either because I have not yet been able to verify the validity of the domain, or that the domain has been provisionally accepted but not officially used yet or connected. b. New up-to-date experimental mailserver

Every now-and-then there are enquiries on the net regarding email to a distant country. The question is often of the type "has that country got email access ?". The following table is a guide of top-level country names, showing the countries which have access to internet or general email services. The top-level country codes have been derived from the International Standards Organisation international standard ISO 3166, except for United Kingdom which should be called Great Britain (GB) instead of UK. The field GB is used mainly in the X.400 addressing of United Kingdom sites.


1. Description of codes:

- FI stands for FULL INTERNET access. This includes 'telnet', 'ftp', and internet email. :- B stands for BITNET access although the address may be in internet DNS (Domain Name System) format. - * (Asterisk) means that the country is reachable by email. If this is not preceded by FI or B, it means that the connection may be a UUCP connection. An asterisk is included after FI or B for continuity. - PFI stands for a provisional full internet connection.(+) - P stands for provisional connection. (+) (+) This is used when one or more of the following is true: - address not verified or lack of address - domain connected but not officially announced - premature official announcement of connection

2. Networks which are not included:

Networks such as MILNET (U.S. Army) have computers all around the world. It is generally possible to assume that wherever there is a U.S. base, there will be a node reachable through gateways.

Private company networks such as for DEC (Digital Equipment Corp.), or Sun Microsystems, for example, have nodes in many exotic locations. However the connection may take place via UUCP and cost a lot of money. Those networks have therefore not been included. In addition, those are PRIVATE networks.

Many companies (like U.S. Sprint or Compuserve) offer commercial services to many countries which are not readily available on the Internet. The service is VERY COSTLY, usually takes place via UUCP or X.400 connections. Those types of network have not been included because email and network access from Internet is sometimes barred for financial reasons. Although a user may RECEIVE email from a user on those networks, one may not be able to reply to it.

Some hobbyists have put together networks using their PCs which store and forward email to remote locations. This is the case of FIDONET users. Some FIDO nodes apparently exist throughout Africa, the Middle- East, etc. Those have not been included since the forwarding of email is to the discretion of the SYSADMINS of the forwarding systems and, once again, it costs money.

3. Updates

The situation changes from day to day. The growth in international networking is such that the information contained in this document may be out of date by the time it reaches you. If you have any update (ie: knowledge that a new country is connected), please send a message to , including an example address from the country reached so that it can be verified.

4. .US sites

While there are several hundreds of BITNET nodes in USA, none have a name in the format `.US'. That's why the .us domain is only FI and *.

5. .edu, .com, etc.

The domains in this section are special in that some of them are used in more than one country. The domains which have full internet access are marked accordingly. However, this doesn't mean that *all* of those domains have full internet access. For example, only a small proportion of .mil sites have full internet access. The same is true for .com sites, for example.

6. Archiving

Once released, this document is archived in a number of archive sites around the world. Amongst them: ( directory: /usenet/news.answers ( directory: /usenet/news.answers ( directory: /archive2/netnews/news.answers ( directory: /pub/uunet/usenet/news.answers

The up-to-date, pre-release document is also available using an experimental simple mail-server that I have setup from my account. Send email to: with a subject: archive-server-request and the command: get top-level-domains in the body of your message. Please use only lowercase letters. This server will recognise *most* addresses.

International Standard ISO 3166 Names

Domain Country Connection Notes

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ AD Andorra AE United Arab Emirates AF Afghanistan AG Antigua and Barbuda * AI Anguilla AL Albania AM Armenia Ex-USSR AN Netherland Antilles AO Angola AQ Antarctica FI * AR Argentina FI B * AS American Samoa AT Austria FI B * AU Australia FI * AW Aruba AZ Azerbaidjan Ex-USSR BA Bosnia-Herzegovina Ex-Yugoslavia BB Barbados * BD Bangladesh BE Belgium FI B * BF Burkina Faso BG Bulgaria * BH Bahrain B * Gulfnet BI Burundi BJ Benin BM Bermuda BN Brunei Darussalam BO Bolivia P BR Brazil FI B * BS Bahamas * BT Buthan BV Bouvet Island BW Botswana BY Bielorussia Ex-USSR BZ Belize P CA Canada FI B * CC Cocos (Keeling) Isl. CF Central African Rep. CG Congo CH Switzerland FI B * CI Ivory Coast CK Cook Islands CL Chile FI B * CM Cameroon CN China * CO Colombia B * CR Costa Rica B * CS Czechoslovakia FI B * CU Cuba CV Cape Verde CX Christmas Island CY Cyprus B * DE Germany FI B * DJ Djibouti DK Denmark FI B * DM Dominica DO Dominican Republic P DZ Algeria B * EC Ecuador FI B * EE Estonia FI * Ex-USSR also via .su domain EG Egypt B * EH Western Sahara ES Spain FI B * ET Ethiopia FI Finland FI B * FJ Fiji * FK Falkland Isl.(Malvinas) FM Micronesia FO Faroe Islands FR France FI B * FX France (European Ter.) ??? GA Gabon GB Great Britain (UK) FI * X.400 address gateway GD Grenada GE Georgia Ex-USSR GH Ghana GI Gibraltar GL Greenland GP Guadeloupe (Fr.) GQ Equatorial Guinea GF Guyana (Fr.) GM Gambia GN Guinea GR Greece FI B * GT Guatemala P GU Guam (US) GW Guinea Bissau GY Guyana HK Hong Kong FI B * HM Heard & McDonald Isl. HN Honduras HR Croatia PFI * Ex-Yugoslavia via .yu HT Haiti HU Hungary FI B * ID Indonesia * IE Ireland FI B * IL Israel FI B * IN India FI B * IO British Indian O. Terr. IQ Iraq IR Iran IS Iceland FI * IT Italy FI B * JM Jamaica JO Jordan JP Japan FI B * KE Kenya KG Kirgistan Ex-USSR KH Cambodia KI Kiribati KM Comoros KN St.Kitts Nevis Anguilla P KP Korea (North) KR Korea (South) FI B * KW Kuwait PFI B * No computers for Gulfnet(B) KY Cayman Islands KZ Kazachstan Ex-USSR LA Laos LB Lebanon LC Saint Lucia P LI Liechtenstein LK Sri Lanka P LR Liberia LS Lesotho LT Lithuania * Ex-USSR LU Luxembourg LV Latvia * Ex-USSR LY Libya MA Morocco MC Monaco MD Moldavia Ex-USSR MG Madagascar MH Marshall Islands ML Mali MM Myanmar MN Mongolia MO Macau P MP Northern Mariana Isl. MQ Martinique (Fr.) MR Mauritania MS Montserrat MT Malta MU Mauritius MV Maldives MW Malawi MX Mexico FI B * MY Malaysia * MZ Mozambique P NA Namibia * NC New Caledonia (Fr.) NE Niger NF Norfolk Island NG Nigeria NI Nicaragua P NL Netherlands FI B * NO Norway FI B * NP Nepal NR Nauru NT Neutral Zone NU Niue NZ New Zealand FI * OM Oman PA Panama PE Peru PF Polynesia (Fr.) PG Papua New Guinea * PH Philippines PK Pakistan * PL Poland FI B * PM St. Pierre & Miquelon PN Pitcairn PT Portugal FI B * PR Puerto Rico (US) FI B * PW Palau PY Paraguay * QA Qatar RE Reunion (Fr.) FI * In .fr domain RO Romania P Future BITNET connection RU Russian Federation Ex-USSR RW Rwanda SA Saudi Arabia B * GulfNet SB Solomon Islands SC Seychelles SD Sudan SE Sweden FI B * SG Singapore FI B * SH St. Helena SI Slovenia PFI * Ex-Yugoslavia also via .yu SJ Svalbard & Jan Mayen Is SL Sierra Leone SM San Marino SN Senegal SO Somalia SR Suriname ST St. Tome and Principe SU Soviet Union FI B * Still used. SV El Salvador SY Syria SZ Swaziland TC Turks & Caicos Islands TD Chad TF French Southern Terr. TG Togo TH Thailand FI * TJ Tadjikistan Ex-USSR TK Tokelau TM Turkmenistan Ex-USSR TN Tunisia FI B * TO Tonga TP East Timor TR Turkey B * TT Trinidad & Tobago TV Tuvalu TW Taiwan FI B * TZ Tanzania UA Ukraine * Ex-USSR via .su domain UG Uganda UK United Kingdom FI B * ISO 3166 code is GB UM US Minor outlying Isl. US United States FI * .us sites NOT on BITNET (4) UY Uruguay * UZ Uzbekistan Ex-USSR VA Vatican City State VC St.Vincent & Grenadines P VE Venezuela * VG Virgin Islands (British) VI Virgin Islands (US) VN Vietnam VU Vanuatu WF Wallis & Futuna Islands WS Samoa YE Yemen YU Yugoslavia FI B * Bitnet not at the moment ZA South Africa FI * ZM Zambia ZR Zaire ZW Zimbabwe *

See Note [5] for the next fields:

ARPA Old style Arpanet * alias still works !!! COM Commercial FI * EDU Educational FI B * GOV Government FI * INT International field FI * used by Nato MIL US Military FI * NATO Nato field * being replaced by .int NET Network FI * ORG Non-Profit OrganizationFI *


DISCLAIMER: while every effort is made to provide accurate information, this list is not guaranteed to be accurate. This document is in NO WAY an official document. The information given should not be used as a basis for routing tables but only as general end-user information. This is a voluntary effort. I would appreciate greatly if errors/omissions could be pointed out to me and they would be corrected in the next release. The information included in this document implies no view whatsoever regarding questions of sovereignty or the status of any place listed. Affiliation to Imperial College is given for identification purposes only.

-- Olivier M.J. Crepin-Leblond, Digital Comms. Section, Elec. Eng. Department Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London SW7 2BT, UK Internet/Bitnet: - Janet:

Editor: Ali B. Ali-Dinar
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