Table of Contents


I. The African Economy in 1994 - An Overview

A. A Modest Recovery in Regional Output
B. Divergent Growth of Output in Subregions and Countries
C. Economic Policy Developments in 1994

II. Developments in Major Production Sectors

A. Agriculture
B. Mining
C. Manufacturing

III. External Trade, Debt and Resource Flows

A. External Trade
B. Balance of Payments
C. External Debt
D. Resource Flows

IV. The Social Situation

A. The Demographic Situation
B. Is Health for All Achievable by the Year 2000 in Africa?
C. The Employment Situation
D. Women and Development
E. Policies and Prospects for Social Development and Prospects.

V. Medium-Term Outlook for the African Economy and Policy Implications

A. Prospects for 1995-1996
B. Major Policy Challenges

List of Tables


I.1 African Economic Indicators, 1990-1994
I.2 Output Share and Growth Rate by Subregion and Economic Grouping
I.3 Frequency Distribution of Countries According to Percentage Growth Rate of GDP, 1990-1993
II.1 Annual Growth of Agricultural Production by Subregion
II.2 Production of Selected Industrial Crops in Developing Africa, 1990-1994
II.3 Crude Oil Production in Africa, 1990-1994
II.4 Indicators of Manufacturing Sector Performance by Subregion and Economic Groupings, 1992-1994
III.1 General Indicators of the Merchandise Trade of African Countries, 1990-1994
III.2 Trade of African Countries by Commodity Class, 1970-1994
III.3 Exports of Oil-Exporting Countries, 1990-1994

III.4 Diversification and Product Concentration Indices in the Export of Selected African Countries, 1970-1990
III.5 Africa's 1990-1993 Market Loss/Gain Relative to 1970-1973
III.6 Intra-African Trade by Commodity Class, 1980-1992
III.7 Balance of Payments, 1989-1994
III.8 External Debt of Developing Countries by Region, 1990-1994
III.9 Africa's External Debt and Debt Service, 1991-1994
III.10 Total Net Resource Flows to Africa, 1985 and 1990-1992
III.11 Net Official Development Assistance to African Countries, 1990-1993

List of Figures and Boxes


I.1 Africa GDP Growth Rates, 1990-1994
I.2 Africa GDP Growth Rates by Subregions, 1990-1994
I.3 Africa GDP Per Capita by Subregions, Average 1993-1994
III.1 Export, Import and Terms of Trade Price Indices
III.2 UK Brent Weekly Oil Prices, January 1994 - February 1995
III.3 Indices of Beverage Prices, 1980-1994
III.4 Commodity Export Prices Index, 1980-1994


IV.1 The Iringa Nutrition Project in the United Republic of Tanzania
IV.2 Genocide and Population Displacement in Rwanda, 1994

Statistical Annexes


Editor: Dr. Ali B. Ali-Dinar, Ph.D
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